2D44

Crystal structure of arabinofuranosidase complexed with arabinofuranosyl-alpha-1,2-xylobiose


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.250 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.203 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 2.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The family 42 carbohydrate-binding module of family 54 alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase specifically binds the arabinofuranose side chain of hemicellulose

Miyanaga, A.Koseki, T.Miwa, Y.Mese, Y.Nakamura, S.Kuno, A.Hirabayashi, J.Matsuzawa, H.Wakagi, T.Shoun, H.Fushinobu, S.

(2006) Biochem J 399: 503-511

  • DOI: 10.1042/BJ20060567
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2D43, 2D44

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase catalyses the hydrolysis of the alpha-1,2-, alpha-1,3-, and alpha-1,5-L-arabinofuranosidic bonds in L-arabinose-containing hemicelluloses such as arabinoxylan. AkAbf54 (the glycoside hydrolase family 54 alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase from Aspergillus kawachii) consists of two domains, a catalytic and an arabinose-binding domain ...

    Alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase catalyses the hydrolysis of the alpha-1,2-, alpha-1,3-, and alpha-1,5-L-arabinofuranosidic bonds in L-arabinose-containing hemicelluloses such as arabinoxylan. AkAbf54 (the glycoside hydrolase family 54 alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase from Aspergillus kawachii) consists of two domains, a catalytic and an arabinose-binding domain. The latter has been named AkCBM42 [family 42 CBM (carbohydrate-binding module) of AkAbf54] because homologous domains are classified into CBM family 42. In the complex between AkAbf54 and arabinofuranosyl-alpha-1,2-xylobiose, the arabinose moiety occupies the binding pocket of AkCBM42, whereas the xylobiose moiety is exposed to the solvent. AkCBM42 was found to facilitate the hydrolysis of insoluble arabinoxylan, because mutants at the arabinose binding site exhibited markedly decreased activity. The results of binding assays and affinity gel electrophoresis showed that AkCBM42 interacts with arabinose-substituted, but not with unsubstituted, hemicelluloses. Isothermal titration calorimetry and frontal affinity chromatography analyses showed that the association constant of AkCBM42 with the arabinose moiety is approximately 10(3) M(-1). These results indicate that AkCBM42 binds the non-reducing-end arabinofuranosidic moiety of hemicellulose. To our knowledge, this is the first example of a CBM that can specifically recognize the side-chain monosaccharides of branched hemicelluloses.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biotechnology, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase BA482Aspergillus luchuensisMutation(s): 1 
EC: 3.2.1.55
UniProt
Find proteins for Q8NK89 (Aspergillus kawachii (strain NBRC 4308))
Explore Q8NK89 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8NK89
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseB2N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G42666HT
GlyCosmos:  G42666HT
GlyGen:  G42666HT
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-L-arabinofuranose-(1-2)-alpha-D-xylopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-xylopyranoseC, D3N/A Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G88725YW
GlyCosmos:  G88725YW
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.250 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.203 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 39.53α = 90
b = 98.748β = 90
c = 143.946γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2006-09-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Structure summary
  • Version 2.1: 2021-11-10
    Changes: Database references, Structure summary