How Azide Inhibits ATP Hydrolysis by the F-Atpases.Bowler, M.W., Montgomery, M.G., Leslie, A.G., Walker, J.E.
(2006) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103: 8646
- PubMed: 16728506
- DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0602915103
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Reproducible Improvements in Order and Diffraction Limit of Crystals of Bovine Mitochondrial F(1)- ATPase by Controlled Dehydration.
Bowler, M.W., Montgomery, M.G., Leslie, A.G., Walker, J.E.
(2006) Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 62: 991
- The Structure of Bovine F1-ATPase Inhibited by Adp and Beryllium Fluoride
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(2004) EMBO J 23: 2734
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In the structure of bovine F1-ATPase determined at 1.95-A resolution with crystals grown in the presence of ADP, 5'-adenylyl-imidodiphosphate, and azide, the azide anion interacts with the beta-phosphate of ADP and with residues in the ADP-binding ca ...
In the structure of bovine F1-ATPase determined at 1.95-A resolution with crystals grown in the presence of ADP, 5'-adenylyl-imidodiphosphate, and azide, the azide anion interacts with the beta-phosphate of ADP and with residues in the ADP-binding catalytic subunit, betaDP. It occupies a position between the catalytically essential amino acids, beta-Lys-162 in the P loop and the "arginine finger" residue, alpha-Arg-373, similar to the site occupied by the gamma-phosphate in the ATP-binding subunit, betaTP. Its presence in the betaDP-subunit tightens the binding of the side chains to the nucleotide, enhancing its affinity and thereby stabilizing the state with bound ADP. This mechanism of inhibition appears to be common to many other ATPases, including ABC transporters, SecA, and DNA topoisomerase IIalpha. It also explains the stimulatory effect of azide on ATP-sensitive potassium channels by enhancing the binding of ADP.
Dunn Human Nutrition Unit, Medical Research Council, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2XY, United Kingdom.