2C1W

The structure of XendoU: a splicing independent snoRNA processing endoribonuclease


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.277 
  • R-Value Work: 0.274 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.274 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The Structure of the Endoribonuclease Xendou: From Small Nucleolar RNA Processing to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Replication.

Renzi, F.Caffarelli, E.Laneve, P.Bozzoni, I.Brunori, M.Vallone, B.

(2006) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103: 12365

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0602426103
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) play a key role in eukaryotic ribosome biogenesis. In most cases, snoRNAs are encoded in introns and are released through the splicing reaction. Some snoRNAs are, instead, produced by an alternative pathway consisting o ...

    Small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) play a key role in eukaryotic ribosome biogenesis. In most cases, snoRNAs are encoded in introns and are released through the splicing reaction. Some snoRNAs are, instead, produced by an alternative pathway consisting of endonucleolytic processing of pre-mRNA. XendoU, the endoribonuclease responsible for this activity, is a U-specific, metal-dependent enzyme that releases products with 2'-3' cyclic phosphate termini. XendoU is broadly conserved among eukaryotes, and it is a genetic marker of nidoviruses, including the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus, where it is essential for replication and transcription. We have determined by crystallography the structure of XendoU that, by refined search methodologies, appears to display a unique fold. Based on sequence conservation, mutagenesis, and docking simulations, we have identified the active site. The conserved structural determinants of this site may provide a framework for attempting to design antiviral drugs to interfere with the infectious nidovirus life cycle.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Istituto di Biologia e Patologia Molecolari del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, 00185 Rome, Italy.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ENDOU PROTEIN
A, B, C
292Xenopus laevisMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: endou-a
EC: 3.1
Find proteins for Q8JFY9 (Xenopus laevis)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8JFY9
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

Download CCD File 
A, B, C
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.277 
  • R-Value Work: 0.274 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.274 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 164.451α = 90
b = 53.204β = 121.86
c = 133.466γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
SOLVE/RESOLVEphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-07-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance