Structure of the novel alpha-amylase AmyC from Thermotoga maritima.Dickmanns, A., Ballschmiter, M., Liebl, W., Ficner, R.
(2006) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 62: 262-270
- PubMed: 16510973
- DOI: 10.1107/S0907444905041363
- PubMed Abstract:
alpha-Amylases are essential enzymes in alpha-glucan metabolism and catalyse the hydrolysis of long sugar polymers such as amylose and starch. The crystal structure of a previously unidentified amylase (AmyC) from the hyperthermophilic organism Therm ...
alpha-Amylases are essential enzymes in alpha-glucan metabolism and catalyse the hydrolysis of long sugar polymers such as amylose and starch. The crystal structure of a previously unidentified amylase (AmyC) from the hyperthermophilic organism Thermotoga maritima was determined at 2.2 Angstroms resolution by means of MAD. AmyC lacks sequence similarity to canonical alpha-amylases, which belong to glycosyl hydrolase families 13, 70 and 77, but exhibits significant similarity to a group of as yet uncharacterized proteins in COG1543 and is related to glycerol hydrolase family 57 (GH-57). AmyC reveals features that are characteristic of alpha-amylases, such as a distorted TIM-barrel structure formed by seven beta-strands and alpha-helices (domain A), and two additional but less well conserved domains. The latter are domain B, which contains three helices inserted in the TIM-barrel after beta-sheet 2, and domain C, a five-helix region at the C-terminus. Interestingly, despite moderate sequence homology, structure comparison revealed significant similarities to a member of GH-57 with known three-dimensional structure, Thermococcus litoralis 4-glucanotransferase, and an even higher similarity to a structure of an enzyme of unknown function from Thermus thermophilus.
Abteilung Molekulare Strukturbiologie, Institut für Mikrobiologie und Genetik, Georg-August-Universität, Göttingen, Germany.