2AXT

Crystal Structure of Photosystem II from Thermosynechococcus elongatus


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.286 
  • R-Value Work: 0.234 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Towards complete cofactor arrangement in the 3.0 A resolution structure of photosystem II

Loll, B.Kern, J.Saenger, W.Zouni, A.Biesiadka, J.

(2005) NATURE 438: 1040-1044

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature04224

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Oxygenic photosynthesis in plants, algae and cyanobacteria is initiated at photosystem II, a homodimeric multisubunit protein-cofactor complex embedded in the thylakoid membrane. Photosystem II captures sunlight and powers the unique photo-induced ox ...

    Oxygenic photosynthesis in plants, algae and cyanobacteria is initiated at photosystem II, a homodimeric multisubunit protein-cofactor complex embedded in the thylakoid membrane. Photosystem II captures sunlight and powers the unique photo-induced oxidation of water to atmospheric oxygen. Crystallographic investigations of cyanobacterial photosystem II have provided several medium-resolution structures (3.8 to 3.2 A) that explain the general arrangement of the protein matrix and cofactors, but do not give a full picture of the complex. Here we describe the most complete cyanobacterial photosystem II structure obtained so far, showing locations of and interactions between 20 protein subunits and 77 cofactors per monomer. Assignment of 11 beta-carotenes yields insights into electron and energy transfer and photo-protection mechanisms in the reaction centre and antenna subunits. The high number of 14 integrally bound lipids reflects the structural and functional importance of these molecules for flexibility within and assembly of photosystem II. A lipophilic pathway is proposed for the diffusion of secondary plastoquinone that transfers redox equivalents from photosystem II to the photosynthetic chain. The structure provides information about the Mn4Ca cluster, where oxidation of water takes place. Our study uncovers near-atomic details necessary to understand the processes that convert light to chemical energy.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institut für Chemie und Biochemie/Kristallographie, Freie Universität Berlin, Takustrasse 6, D-14195 Berlin, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Photosystem Q(B) protein
A, a
344Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: psbA1 (psbA-1)
EC: 1.10.3.9
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
Photosystems
Protein: 
Photosystem II
Find proteins for P0A444 (Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1))
Go to UniProtKB:  P0A444
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CP47 protein
B, b
510Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: psbB
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
Photosystems
Protein: 
Photosystem II
Find proteins for Q8DIQ1 (Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8DIQ1
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
photosystem II CP43 protein
C, c
473Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: psbC
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
Photosystems
Protein: 
Photosystem II
Find proteins for Q8DIF8 (Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8DIF8
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
photosystem II reaction center D2 protein
D, d
352Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: psbD1, psbD2
EC: 1.10.3.9
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
Photosystems
Protein: 
Photosystem II
Find proteins for Q8CM25 (Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8CM25
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Cytochrome b559 alpha subunit
E, e
84Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: psbE
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
Photosystems
Protein: 
Photosystem II
Find proteins for Q8DIP0 (Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8DIP0
Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Cytochrome b559 beta subunit
F, f
45Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: psbF
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
Photosystems
Protein: 
Photosystem II
Find proteins for Q8DIN9 (Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8DIN9
Entity ID: 7
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Photosystem II reaction center H protein
H, h
66Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: psbH
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
Photosystems
Protein: 
Photosystem II
Find proteins for Q8DJ43 (Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8DJ43
Entity ID: 8
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Photosystem II reaction center I protein
I, i
38Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: psbI
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
Photosystems
Protein: 
Photosystem II
Find proteins for Q8DJZ6 (Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8DJZ6
Entity ID: 9
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Photosystem II reaction center J protein
J, j
40Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: psbJ
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
Photosystems
Protein: 
Photosystem II
Find proteins for P59087 (Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1))
Go to UniProtKB:  P59087
Entity ID: 10
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Photosystem II reaction center protein K
K, k
37Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: psbK
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
Photosystems
Protein: 
Photosystem II
Find proteins for Q9F1K9 (Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9F1K9
Entity ID: 11
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Photosystem II reaction center L protein
L, l
37Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: psbL
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
Photosystems
Protein: 
Photosystem II
Find proteins for Q8DIN8 (Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8DIN8
Entity ID: 12
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Photosystem II reaction center M protein
M, m
36Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: psbM
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
Photosystems
Protein: 
Photosystem II
Find proteins for Q8DHA7 (Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8DHA7
Entity ID: 13
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Photosystem II manganese-stabilizing polypeptide
O, o
247Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: psbO
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
Photosystems
Protein: 
Photosystem II
Find proteins for P0A431 (Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1))
Go to UniProtKB:  P0A431
Entity ID: 14
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Photosystem II reaction center T protein
T, t
32Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: psbT
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
Photosystems
Protein: 
Photosystem II
Find proteins for Q8DIQ0 (Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8DIQ0
Entity ID: 15
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Photosystem II 12 kDa extrinsic protein
U, u
104Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: psbU
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
Photosystems
Protein: 
Photosystem II
Find proteins for Q9F1L5 (Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9F1L5
Entity ID: 16
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Cytochrome c-550
V, v
137Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: psbV
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
Photosystems
Protein: 
Photosystem II
Find proteins for P0A386 (Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1))
Go to UniProtKB:  P0A386
Entity ID: 17
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Unassigned subunits
X, x
129N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Entity ID: 18
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Photosystem II reaction center Z protein
Z, z
62Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: psbZ
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
Photosystems
Protein: 
Photosystem II
Find proteins for Q8DHJ2 (Thermosynechococcus elongatus (strain BP-1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8DHJ2
Small Molecules
Ligands 15 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SQD
Query on SQD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
a, A, d, L, t
1,2-DI-O-ACYL-3-O-[6-DEOXY-6-SULFO-ALPHA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSYL]-SN-GLYCEROL
SULFOQUINOVOSYLDIACYLGLYCEROL
C41 H78 O12 S
RVUUQPKXGDTQPG-JUDHQOGESA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CLA
Query on CLA

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Download CCD File 
a, A, B, b, C, c, D, d
CHLOROPHYLL A
C55 H72 Mg N4 O5
VIQFHHZSLDFWDU-AENOIHSZSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

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Download CCD File 
K, k
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
DGD
Query on DGD

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C, c, h, H
DIGALACTOSYL DIACYL GLYCEROL (DGDG)
C51 H96 O15
LDQFLSUQYHBXSX-HXXRYREZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
UNK
Query on UNK

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Download CCD File 
c, C
UNKNOWN
C4 H9 N O2
QWCKQJZIFLGMSD-VKHMYHEASA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BCT
Query on BCT

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D, d
BICARBONATE ION
C H O3
BVKZGUZCCUSVTD-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
HEM
Query on HEM

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Download CCD File 
F, f, v, V
PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
HEME
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
MGE
Query on MGE

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B, b, D, d, i, I, L, l
(1S)-2-(ALPHA-L-ALLOPYRANOSYLOXY)-1-[(TRIDECANOYLOXY)METHYL]ETHYL PALMITATE
MONOGALACTOSYL-DIACYLGLYCEROL
C38 H72 O10
FIJGNIAJTZSERN-DQQGJSMTSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PQ9
Query on PQ9

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Download CCD File 
a, A, D, d
5-[(2E,6E,10E,14E,18E,22E)-3,7,11,15,19,23,27-HEPTAMETHYLOCTACOSA-2,6,10,14,18,22,26-HEPTAENYL]-2,3-DIMETHYLBENZO-1,4-QUINONE
C43 H64 O2
JXUCGUASMMLSBH-HOHOQCMASA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BCR
Query on BCR

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A, a, b, B, c, C, d, D, H, h, T, t, x, X
BETA-CAROTENE
C40 H56
OENHQHLEOONYIE-JLTXGRSLSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PHO
Query on PHO

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Download CCD File 
a, A
PHEOPHYTIN A
C55 H74 N4 O5
CQIKWXUXPNUNDV-RCBXBCQGSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FE2
Query on FE2

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A, a
FE (II) ION
Fe
CWYNVVGOOAEACU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
LMT
Query on LMT

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a, A, M, m, T, t
DODECYL-BETA-D-MALTOSIDE
C24 H46 O11
NLEBIOOXCVAHBD-QKMCSOCLSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
OEC
Query on OEC

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Download CCD File 
a, A
OXYGEN EVOLVING SYSTEM
Ca Mn4 O4
UFRGXNUNWYSFQE-MBOUAFFSAW
 Ligand Interaction
LHG
Query on LHG

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Download CCD File 
A, a
1,2-DIPALMITOYL-PHOSPHATIDYL-GLYCEROLE
C38 H75 O10 P
BIABMEZBCHDPBV-MPQUPPDSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
UNK
Query on UNK
X, x
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC4 H9 N O2

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.286 
  • R-Value Work: 0.234 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 127.692α = 90.00
b = 225.403β = 90.00
c = 306.106γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
MLPHAREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-12-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Source and taxonomy, Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2017-12-20
    Type: Atomic model