2AAI

Crystallographic refinement of ricin to 2.5 Angstroms


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.212 

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This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystallographic refinement of ricin to 2.5 A.

Rutenber, E.Katzin, B.J.Ernst, S.Collins, E.J.Mlsna, D.Ready, M.P.Robertus, J.D.

(1991) Proteins 10: 240-250

  • DOI: 10.1002/prot.340100308
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2AAI

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The plant cytotoxin ricin consists of two disulfide-linked chains, each of about 30,000 daltons. An initial model based on a 2.8 A MIR electron density map has been refined against 2.5 A data using rounds of hand rebuilding coupled with either a restrained least squares algorithm or molecular dynamics (XPLOR) ...

    The plant cytotoxin ricin consists of two disulfide-linked chains, each of about 30,000 daltons. An initial model based on a 2.8 A MIR electron density map has been refined against 2.5 A data using rounds of hand rebuilding coupled with either a restrained least squares algorithm or molecular dynamics (XPLOR). The last model (9) has an R factor of 21.6% and RMS deviations from standard bond lengths and angles of 0.021 A and 4.67 degrees, respectively. Refinement required several peptide segments in the original model to be adjusted translationally along the electron density. A wide range of lesser changes were also made. The RMS deviation of backbone atoms between the original and model 9 was 1.89 A. Molecular dynamics proved to be a very powerful refinement tool. However, tests showed that it could not replace human intervention in making adjustments such as local translations of the peptide chain. The R factor is not a completely satisfactory indicator of refinement progress; difference Fouriers, when observed carefully, may be a better monitor.


    Related Citations: 
    • Structure of Ricin A-Chain at 2.5 Angstroms
      Katzin, B.J., Collins, E.J., Robertus, J.D.
      (1991) Proteins 10: 251
    • Structure of Ricin B-Chain at 2.5 Angstroms
      Rutenber, E., Robertus, J.D.
      (1991) Proteins 10: 260
    • The Three-Dimensional Structure of Ricin at 2.8 Angstroms
      Montfort, W., Villafranca, J.E., Monzingo, A.F., Ernst, S.R., Katzin, B., Rutenber, E., Xuong, N.H., Hamlin, R., Robertus, J.D.
      (1987) J Biol Chem 262: 5398

    Organizational Affiliation

    Clayton Foundation Biochemical Institute, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Texas, Austin 78712.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
RICIN (A CHAIN)A267Ricinus communisMutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.2.2.22
UniProt
Find proteins for P02879 (Ricinus communis)
Explore P02879 
Go to UniProtKB:  P02879
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
RICIN (B CHAIN)B262N/AMutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.2.2.22
UniProt
Find proteins for P02879 (Ricinus communis)
Explore P02879 
Go to UniProtKB:  P02879
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
beta-D-galactopyranose-(1-4)-beta-D-glucopyranoseC, D2 N/A Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-[alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)]beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseE, F5 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Biologically Interesting Molecules (External Reference) 1 Unique
Entity ID: 3
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_900004
Query on PRD_900004
C, Dbeta-lactoseOligosaccharide /  Nutrient

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.212 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 72.74α = 90
b = 78.49β = 90
c = 114.34γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 1994-01-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2013-08-14
    Changes: Derived calculations
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Other, Structure summary