Structure of C406A arginine deiminase in complex with L-arginine

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.267 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 

Starting Model: experimental
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Crystal Structures Representing the Michaelis Complex and the Thiouronium Reaction Intermediate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Arginine Deiminase.

Galkin, A.Lu, X.Dunaway-Mariano, D.Herzberg, O.

(2005) J Biol Chem 280: 34080-34087

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M505471200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2A9G, 2AAF, 2ABR, 2ACI

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    L-arginine deiminase (ADI) catalyzes the irreversible hydrolysis of L-arginine to citrulline and ammonia. In a previous report of the structure of apoADI from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the four residues that form the catalytic motif were identified as Cys406, His278, Asp280, and Asp166. The function of Cys406 in nucleophilic catalysis has been demonstrated by transient kinetic studies. In this study, the structure of the C406A mutant in complex with L-arginine is reported to provide a snapshot of the enzyme.substrate complex. Through the comparison of the structures of apoenzyme and substrate-bound enzyme, a substrate-induced conformational transition, which might play an important role in activity regulation, was discovered. Furthermore, the position of the guanidinium group of the bound substrate relative to the side chains of His278, Asp280, and Asp166 indicated that these residues mediate multiple proton transfers. His278 and Asp280, which are positioned to activate the water nucleophile in the hydrolysis of the S-alkylthiouronium intermediate, were replaced with alanine to stabilize the intermediate for structure determination. The structures determined for the H278A and D280A mutants co-crystallized with L-arginine provide a snapshot of the S-alkylthiouronium adduct formed by attack of Cys406 on the guanidinium carbon of L-arginine followed by the elimination of ammonia. Asp280 and Asp166 engage in ionic interactions with the guanidinium group in the C406A ADI. L-arginine structure and might orient the reaction center and participate in proton transfer. Structure determination of D166A revealed the apoD166A ADI. The collection of structures is interpreted in the context of recent biochemical data to propose a model for ADI substrate recognition and catalysis.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Center for Advanced Research in Biotechnology, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Arginine deiminase
A, B, C, D
418Pseudomonas aeruginosaMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: arcA
Find proteins for P13981 (Pseudomonas aeruginosa (strain ATCC 15692 / DSM 22644 / CIP 104116 / JCM 14847 / LMG 12228 / 1C / PRS 101 / PAO1))
Explore P13981 
Go to UniProtKB:  P13981
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP13981
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.267 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 91.1α = 90
b = 120.7β = 90
c = 151γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CrystalCleardata collection
CrystalCleardata reduction
CrystalCleardata scaling

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 

Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2005-08-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2021-10-20
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations
  • Version 1.4: 2023-08-23
    Changes: Data collection, Refinement description