Structure-activity relation of NH2-terminal human parathyroid hormone fragments.Marx, U.C., Adermann, K., Bayer, P., Meyer, M., Forssmann, W.G., Rosch, P.
(1998) J.Biol.Chem. 273: 4308-4316
- PubMed: 9468478
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Human parathyroid hormone (hPTH) is involved in the regulation of the calcium level in blood. This hormone function is located in the NH2-terminal 34 amino acids of the 84-amino acid peptide hormone and is transduced via the adenylate cyclase and the ...
Human parathyroid hormone (hPTH) is involved in the regulation of the calcium level in blood. This hormone function is located in the NH2-terminal 34 amino acids of the 84-amino acid peptide hormone and is transduced via the adenylate cyclase and the phosphatidylinositol signaling pathways. It is well known that truncation of the two NH2-terminal amino acids of the hormone leads to complete loss of in vivo normocalcemic function. To correlate loss of calcium level regulatory activity after stepwise NH2-terminal truncation and solution structure, we studied the conformations of fragments hPTH-(2-37), hPTH-(3-37), and hPTH-(4-37) in comparison to hPTH-(1-37) in aqueous buffer solution under near physiological conditions by circular dichroism spectroscopy, two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and restrained molecular dynamics calculations. All peptides show helical structures and hydrophobic interactions between Leu-15 and Trp-23 that lead to a defined loop region from His-14 to Ser-17. A COOH-terminal helix from Met-18 to at least Leu-28 was found for all peptides. The helical structure in the NH2-terminal part of the peptides was lost in parallel with the NH2-terminal truncation and can be correlated with the loss of calcium regulatory activity.
Lehrstuhl für Biopolymere, Universität Bayreuth, D-95440 Bayreuth, Federal Republic of Germany.