D-amino acid residue in a defensin-like peptide from platypus venom: effect on structure and chromatographic properties.Torres, A.M., Tsampazi, C., Geraghty, D.P., Bansal, P.S., Alewood, P.F., Kuchel, P.W.
(2005) Biochem.J. 391: 215-220
- PubMed: 16033333
- DOI: 10.1042/BJ20050900
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Defensin-like peptide-2 from platypus venom: member of a class of peptides with a distinct structural fold
Torres, A.M.,de Plater, G.M.,Doverskog, M.,Birinyi-Strachan, L.C.,Nicholson, G.M.,Gallagher, C.H.,Kuchel, P.W.
(2000) Biochem.J. 348: 649
The recent discovery that the natriuretic peptide OvCNPb (Ornithorhynchus venom C-type natriuretic peptide B) from platypus (Ornithorynchus anatinus) venom contains a D-amino acid residue suggested that other D-amino-acid-containing peptides might be ...
The recent discovery that the natriuretic peptide OvCNPb (Ornithorhynchus venom C-type natriuretic peptide B) from platypus (Ornithorynchus anatinus) venom contains a D-amino acid residue suggested that other D-amino-acid-containing peptides might be present in the venom. In the present study, we show that DLP-2 (defensin-like peptide-2), a 42-amino-acid residue polypeptide in the platypus venom, also contains a D-amino acid residue, D-methionine, at position 2, while DLP-4, which has an identical amino acid sequence, has all amino acids in the L-form. These findings were supported further by the detection of isomerase activity in the platypus gland venom extract that converts DLP-4 into DLP-2. In the light of this new information, the tertiary structure of DLP-2 was recalculated using a new structural template with D-Met2. The structure of DLP-4 was also determined in order to evaluate the effect of a D-amino acid at position 2 on the structure and possibly to explain the large retention time difference observed for the two molecules in reverse-phase HPLC. The solution structures of the DLP-2 and DLP-4 are very similar to each other and to the earlier reported structure of DLP-2, which assumed that all amino acids were in the L-form. Our results suggest that the incorporation of the D-amino acid at position 2 has minimal effect on the overall fold in solution.
School of Molecular and Microbial Biosciences, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.