1ZJ8

Structure of Mycobacterium tuberculosis NirA protein


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.292 
  • R-Value Work: 0.215 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.219 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Siroheme- and [Fe4-S4]-dependent NirA from Mycobacterium tuberculosis Is a Sulfite Reductase with a Covalent Cys-Tyr Bond in the Active Site

Schnell, R.Sandalova, T.Hellman, U.Lindqvist, Y.Schneider, G.

(2005) J Biol Chem 280: 27319-27328

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M502560200
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The nirA gene of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is up-regulated in the persistent state of the bacteria, suggesting that it is a potential target for the development of antituberculosis agents particularly active against the pathogen in its dormant phase ...

    The nirA gene of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is up-regulated in the persistent state of the bacteria, suggesting that it is a potential target for the development of antituberculosis agents particularly active against the pathogen in its dormant phase. This gene encodes a ferredoxin-dependent sulfite reductase, and the structure of the enzyme has been determined using x-ray crystallography. The enzyme is a monomer comprising 555 amino acids and contains a [Fe4-S4] cluster and a siroheme cofactor. The molecule is built up of three domains with an alpha/beta fold. The first domain consists of two ferredoxin-like subdomains, related by a pseudo-2-fold symmetry axis passing through the whole molecule. The other two domains, which provide much of the binding interactions with the cofactors, have a common fold that is unique to the sulfite/nitrite reductase family. The domains form a trilobal structure, with the cofactors and the active site located at the interface of all three domains in the center of the molecule. NirA contains an unusual covalent bond between the side chains of Tyr69 and Cys161 in the active site, in close proximity to the siroheme cofactor. Removal of this covalent bond by site-directed mutagenesis impairs catalytic activity, suggesting that it is important for the enzymatic reaction. These residues are part of a sequence fingerprint, able to distinguish between ferredoxin-dependent sulfite and nitrite reductases. Comparison of NirA with the structure of the truncated NADPH-dependent sulfite reductase from Escherichia coli suggests a binding site for the external electron donor ferredoxin close to the [Fe4-S4] cluster.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm S-171 77, Sweden.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Probable ferredoxin-dependent nitrite reductase NirAA, B566Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37RvMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: nirAsirRv2391
EC: 1.7.7.1 (PDB Primary Data), 1.8.7.1 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P9WJ03 (Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv))
Explore P9WJ03 
Go to UniProtKB:  P9WJ03
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SRM
Query on SRM

Download CCD File 
A, B
SIROHEME
C42 H42 Fe N4 O16
PGYXHNRRBJLFEV-NBUGCWMUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SF4
Query on SF4

Download CCD File 
A, B
IRON/SULFUR CLUSTER
Fe4 S4
LJBDFODJNLIPKO-VKOJMFJBAC
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download CCD File 
A, B
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.292 
  • R-Value Work: 0.215 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.219 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 84.257α = 90
b = 115.355β = 90
c = 114.697γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
CCP4data scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-05-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Source and taxonomy, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2018-05-23
    Changes: Data collection