1Z2J

Solution structure of the HIV-1 frameshift inducing element


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the least restraint violations,structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Solution Structure and Thermodynamic Investigation of the HIV-1 Frameshift Inducing Element.

Staple, D.W.Butcher, S.E.

(2005) J Mol Biol 349: 1011-1023

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2005.03.038
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1Z2J

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Expression of the HIV reverse transcriptase and other essential viral enzymes requires a -1 translational frameshift. The frameshift event is induced by two highly conserved RNA elements within the HIV-1 mRNA: a UUUUUUA heptamer known as the slippery sequence, and a downstream RNA structure ...

    Expression of the HIV reverse transcriptase and other essential viral enzymes requires a -1 translational frameshift. The frameshift event is induced by two highly conserved RNA elements within the HIV-1 mRNA: a UUUUUUA heptamer known as the slippery sequence, and a downstream RNA structure. Here, we report structural and thermodynamic evidence that the HIV-1 frameshift site RNA forms a stem-loop and lower helix separated by a three-purine bulge. We have determined the structure of the 45 nucleotide frameshift site RNA using multidimensional heteronuclear nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methods. The upper helix is highly thermostable (T(m)>90 degrees C), forming 11 Watson-Crick base-pairs capped by a stable ACAA tetraloop. The eight base-pair lower helix was found to be only moderately stable (T(m)=47 degrees C). A three-purine bulge separates the highly stable upper helix from the lower helix. Base stacking in the bulge forms a wedge, introducing a 60 degrees bend between the helices. Interestingly, this bend is similar to those seen in a number of frameshift inducing pseudoknots for which structures have been solved. The lower helix must denature to allow the ribosome access to the slippery site, but likely functions as a positioning element that enhances frameshift efficiency.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, WI 53706, USA.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
HIV-1 frameshift site RNAA45N/A
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the least restraint violations,structures with the lowest energy 
  • OLDERADO: 1Z2J Olderado

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2005-06-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance