1YZZ

Humanized caban33 at room temperature


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.293 
  • R-Value Work: 0.233 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.238 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Antigen binding and solubility effects upon the veneering of a camel VHH in framework-2 to mimic a VH.

Conrath, K.Vincke, C.Stijlemans, B.Schymkowitz, J.Decanniere, K.Wyns, L.Muyldermans, S.Loris, R.

(2005) J Mol Biol 350: 112-125

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2005.04.050
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1YC8, 1YC7, 1YZZ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Heavy chain only antibodies of camelids bind their antigens with a single domain, the VHH, which acquired adaptations relative to classical VHs to function in the absence of a VL partner. Additional CDR loop conformations, outside the canonical loop structures of VHs, broaden the repertoire of the antigen-binding site ...

    Heavy chain only antibodies of camelids bind their antigens with a single domain, the VHH, which acquired adaptations relative to classical VHs to function in the absence of a VL partner. Additional CDR loop conformations, outside the canonical loop structures of VHs, broaden the repertoire of the antigen-binding site. The combined effects of part of the CDR3 that folds over the "former" VL binding site and framework-2 mutations to more hydrophilic amino acids, enhance the solubility of VHH domains and prevent VL pairing. cAbAn33, a VHH domain specific for the carbohydrate moiety of the variant surface glycoprotein of trypanosomes, has a short CDR3 loop that does not cover the former VL binding site as well as a VH-specific Trp47 instead of the VHH-specific Gly47. Resurfacing its framework-2 region (mutations Tyr37Val, Glu44Gly and Arg45Leu) to mimic that of a human VH restores the VL binding capacity. In solution, the humanised VHH behaves as a soluble, monomeric entity, albeit with reduced thermodynamic stability and affinity for its antigen. Comparison of the crystal structures of cAbAn33 and its humanised derivative reveals steric hindrance exerted by VHH-specific residues Tyr37 and Arg45 that prevent the VL domain pairing, whereas Glu44 and Arg45 are key elements to avoid insolubility of the domain.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratorium voor Cellulaire en Moleculaire Immunologie, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 Brussel, Belgium. kconrath@vub.ac.be



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
anti-VSG immunoglobulin heavy chain variable domain cAbAn33A, B124Camelus dromedariusMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.293 
  • R-Value Work: 0.233 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.238 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 52.473α = 90
b = 52.473β = 90
c = 165.365γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2005-06-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance