The crystal structure of plant acetohydroxy acid isomeroreductase complexed with NADPH, two magnesium ions and a herbicidal transition state analog determined at 1.65 A resolution.Biou, V., Dumas, R., Cohen-Addad, C., Douce, R., Job, D., Pebay-Peyroula, E.
(1997) EMBO J 16: 3405-3415
- PubMed: 9218783
- DOI: 10.1093/emboj/16.12.3405
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Crystallization and Preliminary Crystallographic Data for Acetohydroxy Acid Isomeroreductase from Spinacia Oleracea
Dumas, R., Job, D., Douce, R., Pebay-Peyroula, E., Cohen-Addad, C.
(1994) J Mol Biol 242: 578
Acetohydroxy acid isomeroreductase catalyzes the conversion of acetohydroxy acids into dihydroxy valerates. This reaction is the second in the synthetic pathway of the essential branched side chain amino acids valine and isoleucine. Because this pathway ...
Acetohydroxy acid isomeroreductase catalyzes the conversion of acetohydroxy acids into dihydroxy valerates. This reaction is the second in the synthetic pathway of the essential branched side chain amino acids valine and isoleucine. Because this pathway is absent from animals, the enzymes involved in it are good targets for a systematic search for herbicides. The crystal structure of acetohydroxy acid isomeroreductase complexed with cofactor NADPH, Mg2+ ions and a competitive inhibitor with herbicidal activity, N-hydroxy-N-isopropyloxamate, was solved to 1.65 A resolution and refined to an R factor of 18.7% and an R free of 22.9%. The asymmetric unit shows two functional dimers related by non-crystallographic symmetry. The active site, nested at the interface between the NADPH-binding domain and the all-helical C-terminus domain, shows a situation analogous to the transition state. It contains two Mg2+ ions interacting with the inhibitor molecule and bridged by the carboxylate moiety of an aspartate residue. The inhibitor-binding site is well adjusted to it, with a hydrophobic pocket and a polar region. Only 24 amino acids are conserved among known acetohydroxy acid isomeroreductase sequences and all of these are located around the active site. Finally, a 140 amino acid region, present in plants but absent from other species, was found to make up most of the dimerization domain.
Unité Mixte CNRS/Rhône-Poulenc (UMR41), Rhône-Poulenc Agrochimie, Lyon, France.