1YRW

Crystal Structure of E.coli ArnA Transformylase Domain


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.225 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.198 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure and mechanism of the Escherichia coli ArnA (PmrI) transformylase domain. An enzyme for lipid A modification with 4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose and polymyxin resistance.

Gatzeva-Topalova, P.Z.May, A.P.Sousa, M.C.

(2005) Biochemistry 44: 5328-5338

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi047384g
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1YRW

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Gram-negative bacteria have evolved mechanisms to resist the bactericidal action of cationic antimicrobial peptides of the innate immune system and antibiotics such as polymyxin. The strategy involves the addition of the positively charged sugar 4-amino-4-deoxy-l-arabinose (Ara4N) to lipid A in their outer membrane ...

    Gram-negative bacteria have evolved mechanisms to resist the bactericidal action of cationic antimicrobial peptides of the innate immune system and antibiotics such as polymyxin. The strategy involves the addition of the positively charged sugar 4-amino-4-deoxy-l-arabinose (Ara4N) to lipid A in their outer membrane. ArnA is a key enzyme in the Ara4N-lipid A modification pathway. It is a bifunctional enzyme catalyzing (1) the oxidative decarboxylation of UDP-glucuronic acid (UDP-GlcA) to the UDP-4' '-ketopentose [UDP-beta-(l-threo-pentapyranosyl-4' '-ulose] and (2) the N-10-formyltetrahydrofolate-dependent formylation of UDP-Ara4N. Here we demonstrate that the transformylase activity of the Escherichia coli ArnA is contained in its 300 N-terminal residues. We designate it the ArnA transformylase domain and describe its crystal structure solved to 1.7 A resolution. The enzyme adopts a bilobal structure with an N-terminal Rossmann fold domain containing the N-10-formyltetrahydrofolate binding site and a C-terminal subdomain resembling an OB fold. Sequence and structure conservation around the active site of ArnA transformylase and other N-10-formyltetrahydrofolate-utilizing enzymes suggests that the HxSLLPxxxG motif can be used to identify enzymes that belong to this family. Binding of an N-10-formyltetrahydrofolate analogue was modeled into the structure of ArnA based on its similarity with glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase. We also propose a mechanism for the transformylation reaction catalyzed by ArnA involving residues N(102), H(104), and D(140). Supporting this hypothesis, point mutation of any of these residues abolishes activity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado at Boulder, 80309, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
protein ArnAA302Escherichia coliMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: yfbG
EC: 2.1.2.13 (UniProt), 1.1.1.305 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for P77398 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P77398 
Go to UniProtKB:  P77398
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.225 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.198 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 59.103α = 90
b = 113.253β = 90
c = 124.946γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2005-04-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance