1YJK

Reduced Peptidylglycine Alpha-Hydroxylating Monooxygenase (PHM) in a New Crystal Form


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.260 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.199 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The Catalytic Copper of Peptidylglycine alpha-Hydroxylating Monooxygenase also Plays a Critical Structural Role.

Siebert, X.Eipper, B.A.Mains, R.E.Prigge, S.T.Blackburn, N.J.Amzel, L.M.

(2005) Biophys J 89: 3312-3319

  • DOI: 10.1529/biophysj.105.066100
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1YI9, 1YIP, 1YJL, 1YJK

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Many bioactive peptides require amidation of their carboxy terminus to exhibit full biological activity. Peptidylglycine alpha-hydroxylating monooxygenase (PHM; EC 1.14.17.3), the enzyme that catalyzes the first of the two steps of this reaction, is composed of two domains, each of which binds one copper atom (CuH and CuM) ...

    Many bioactive peptides require amidation of their carboxy terminus to exhibit full biological activity. Peptidylglycine alpha-hydroxylating monooxygenase (PHM; EC 1.14.17.3), the enzyme that catalyzes the first of the two steps of this reaction, is composed of two domains, each of which binds one copper atom (CuH and CuM). The CuM site includes Met(314) and two His residues as ligands. Mutation of Met(314) to Ile inactivates PHM, but has only a minimal effect on the EXAFS spectrum of the oxidized enzyme, implying that it contributes only marginally to stabilization of the CuM site. To characterize the role of Met(314) as a CuM ligand, we determined the structure of the Met(314)Ile-PHM mutant. Since the mutant protein failed to crystallize in the conditions of the original wild-type protein, this structure determination required finding a new crystal form. The Met(314)Ile-PHM mutant structure confirms that the mutation does not abolish CuM binding to the enzyme, but causes other structural perturbations that affect the overall stability of the enzyme and the integrity of the CuH site. To eliminate possible effects of crystal contacts, we redetermined the structure of wt-PHM in the Met(314)Ile-PHM crystal form and showed that it does not differ from the structure of wild-type (wt)-PHM in the original crystals. Met(314)Ile-PHM was also shown to be less stable than wt-PHM by differential scanning calorimetry. Both structural and calorimetric studies point to a structural role for the CuM site, in addition to its established catalytic role.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Peptidyl-glycine alpha-amidating monooxygenaseA306Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Pam
EC: 1.14.17.3 (PDB Primary Data), 4.3.2.5 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for P14925 (Rattus norvegicus)
Explore P14925 
Go to UniProtKB:  P14925
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.260 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.199 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 59.146α = 90
b = 66.335β = 90
c = 69.917γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALAdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
MOSFLMdata reduction
CCP4data scaling
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2005-11-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance