1XHZ

Phi29 DNA polymerase, orthorhombic crystal form, ssDNA complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.219 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.219 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Insights into Strand Displacement and Processivity from the Crystal Structure of the Protein-Primed DNA Polymerase of Bacteriophage phi29

Kamtekar, S.Berman, A.J.Wang, J.Lazaro, J.M.de Vega, M.Blanco, L.Salas, M.Steitz, T.A.

(2004) Mol Cell 16: 609-618

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2004.10.019
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1XHX, 1XHZ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The DNA polymerase from phage phi29 is a B family polymerase that initiates replication using a protein as a primer, attaching the first nucleotide of the phage genome to the hydroxyl of a specific serine of the priming protein. The crystal structure of phi29 DNA polymerase determined at 2 ...

    The DNA polymerase from phage phi29 is a B family polymerase that initiates replication using a protein as a primer, attaching the first nucleotide of the phage genome to the hydroxyl of a specific serine of the priming protein. The crystal structure of phi29 DNA polymerase determined at 2.2 A resolution provides explanations for its extraordinary processivity and strand displacement activities. Homology modeling suggests that downstream template DNA passes through a tunnel prior to entering the polymerase active site. This tunnel is too small to accommodate double-stranded DNA and requires the separation of template and nontemplate strands. Members of the B family of DNA polymerases that use protein primers contain two sequence insertions: one forms a domain not previously observed in polymerases, while the second resembles the specificity loop of T7 RNA polymerase. The high processivity of phi29 DNA polymerase may be explained by its topological encirclement of both the downstream template and the upstream duplex DNA.


    Related Citations: 
    • Correction of X-ray intensities from single crystals containing lattice translocation defects
      Wang, J., Kamtekar, S., Berman, A.J., Steitz, T.A.
      () To be published --: --

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA polymeraseE [auth A], F [auth B], G [auth C], H [auth D]575Bacillus virus phi29Mutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: 2
EC: 2.7.7.7 (PDB Primary Data), 3.1.11 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for P03680 (Bacillus phage phi29)
Explore P03680 
Go to UniProtKB:  P03680
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar nucleic acids by:  Sequence   |   Structure
  • Entity ID: 1
    MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
    5'-D(*TP*TP*TP*TP*T)-3'A [auth E], B [auth F], C [auth G], D [auth H]5N/A
    Protein Feature View
    Expand
    • Reference Sequence
    Experimental Data & Validation

    Experimental Data

    • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
    • Resolution: 2.70 Å
    • R-Value Free: 0.268 
    • R-Value Work: 0.219 
    • R-Value Observed: 0.219 
    • Space Group: P 21 21 21
    Unit Cell:
    Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
    a = 96.662α = 90
    b = 150.397β = 90
    c = 198.325γ = 90
    Software Package:
    Software NamePurpose
    CNSrefinement
    HKL-2000data reduction
    SCALEPACKdata scaling
    MOLREPphasing

    Structure Validation

    View Full Validation Report




    Entry History 

    Deposition Data

    Revision History  (Full details and data files)

    • Version 1.0: 2004-12-07
      Type: Initial release
    • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
      Changes: Version format compliance
    • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
      Changes: Version format compliance
    • Version 1.3: 2021-10-20
      Changes: Database references