1XFB

Human Brain Fructose 1,6-(bis)phosphate Aldolase (C isozyme)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.261 
  • R-Value Work: 0.255 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.257 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure of human brain fructose 1,6-(bis)phosphate aldolase: linking isozyme structure with function

Arakaki, T.L.Pezza, J.A.Cronin, M.A.Hopkins, C.E.Zimmer, D.B.Tolan, D.R.Allen, K.N.

(2004) Protein Sci 13: 3077-3084

  • DOI: 10.1110/ps.04915904
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Fructose-1,6-(bis)phosphate aldolase is a ubiquitous enzyme that catalyzes the reversible aldol cleavage of fructose-1,6-(bis)phosphate and fructose 1-phosphate to dihydroxyacetone phosphate and either glyceral-dehyde-3-phosphate or glyceraldehyde, r ...

    Fructose-1,6-(bis)phosphate aldolase is a ubiquitous enzyme that catalyzes the reversible aldol cleavage of fructose-1,6-(bis)phosphate and fructose 1-phosphate to dihydroxyacetone phosphate and either glyceral-dehyde-3-phosphate or glyceraldehyde, respectively. Vertebrate aldolases exist as three isozymes with different tissue distributions and kinetics: aldolase A (muscle and red blood cell), aldolase B (liver, kidney, and small intestine), and aldolase C (brain and neuronal tissue). The structures of human aldolases A and B are known and herein we report the first structure of the human aldolase C, solved by X-ray crystallography at 3.0 A resolution. Structural differences between the isozymes were expected to account for isozyme-specific activity. However, the structures of isozymes A, B, and C are the same in their overall fold and active site structure. The subtle changes observed in active site residues Arg42, Lys146, and Arg303 are insufficient to completely account for the tissue-specific isozymic differences. Consequently, the structural analysis has been extended to the isozyme-specific residues (ISRs), those residues conserved among paralogs. A complete analysis of the ISRs in the context of this structure demonstrates that in several cases an amino acid residue that is conserved among aldolase C orthologs prevents an interaction that occurs in paralogs. In addition, the structure confirms the clustering of ISRs into discrete patches on the surface and reveals the existence in aldolase C of a patch of electronegative residues localized near the C terminus. Together, these structural changes highlight the differences required for the tissue and kinetic specificity among aldolase isozymes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02118-2394, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Aldolase CA, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L365Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ALDOCALDC
EC: 4.1.2.13
Find proteins for P09972 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P09972 
Go to UniProtKB:  P09972
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P09972
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.261 
  • R-Value Work: 0.255 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.257 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 83.872α = 107.96
b = 121.986β = 108.58
c = 129.517γ = 97.39
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-02-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance