Structure of CDP-D-glucose 4,6-dehydratase from Salmonella typhi complexed with CDP-D-xylose.Koropatkin, N.M., Holden, H.M.
(2005) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 61: 365-373
- PubMed: 15805590
- DOI: 10.1107/S0907444904033876
- PubMed Abstract:
Tyvelose is a unique 3,6-dideoxyhexose found in the O antigens of some pathogenic species of Yersinia and Salmonella. It is produced via a complex biochemical pathway that employs CDP-D-glucose as the starting ligand. CDP-D-glucose 4,6-dehydratase ca ...
Tyvelose is a unique 3,6-dideoxyhexose found in the O antigens of some pathogenic species of Yersinia and Salmonella. It is produced via a complex biochemical pathway that employs CDP-D-glucose as the starting ligand. CDP-D-glucose 4,6-dehydratase catalyzes the first irreversible step in the synthesis of this 3,6-dideoxysugar by converting CDP-D-glucose to CDP-4-keto-6-deoxyglucose via an NAD+ -dependent intramolecular oxidation-reduction reaction. Here, the cloning, protein purification and X-ray crystallographic analysis of CDP-D-glucose 4,6-dehydratase from Salmonella typhi complexed with the substrate analog CDP-D-xylose are described. Each subunit of the tetrameric enzyme folds into two domains. The N-terminal region contains a Rossmann fold and provides the platform for NAD(H) binding. The C-terminal motif is primarily composed of alpha-helices and houses the binding pocket for the CDP portion of the CDP-D-xylose ligand. The xylose moiety extends into the active-site cleft that is located between the two domains. Key residues involved in anchoring the sugar group to the protein include Ser134, Tyr159, Asn197 and Arg208. Strikingly, Ser134 O gamma and Tyr159 O eta sit within 2.9 A of the 4'-hydroxyl group of xylose. Additionally, the side chains of Asp135 and Lys136 are located at 3.5 and 3.2 A, respectively, from C-5 of xylose. In the structurally related dTDP-D-glucose 4,6-dehydratase, the Asp/Lys pair is replaced with an Asp/Glu couple. On the basis of this investigation, it can be speculated that Tyr159 serves as the catalytic base to abstract the 4'-hydroxyl proton from the sugar and that Asp135 and Lys136 play critical roles in the subsequent dehydration step that leads to the final product.
Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706-1544, USA.