1W3Y

Crystal structure of S. pneumoniae hyaluronate lyase in complex with palmitoyl-vitamin C


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.210 
  • R-Value Work: 0.192 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

L-Ascorbic Acid 6-Hexadecanoate, a Potent Hyaluronidase Inhibitor: X-Ray Structure and Molecular Modeling of Enzyme-Inhibitor Complexes

Botzki, A.Rigden, D.J.Braun, S.Nukui, M.Salmen, S.Hoechstetter, J.Bernhardt, G.Dove, S.Jedrzejas, M.J.Buschauer, A.

(2004) J.Biol.Chem. 279: 45990

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M406146200

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Hyaluronidases are enzymes that degrade hyaluronan, an important component of the extracellular matrix. The mammalian hyaluronidases are considered to be involved in many (patho)physiological processes like fertilization, tumor growth, and metastasis ...

    Hyaluronidases are enzymes that degrade hyaluronan, an important component of the extracellular matrix. The mammalian hyaluronidases are considered to be involved in many (patho)physiological processes like fertilization, tumor growth, and metastasis. Bacterial hyaluronidases, also termed hyaluronate lyases, contribute to the spreading of microorganisms in tissues. Such roles for hyaluronidases suggest that inhibitors could be useful pharmacological tools. Potent and selective inhibitors are not known to date, although L-ascorbic acid has been reported to be a weak inhibitor of Streptococcus pneumoniae hyaluronate lyase (SpnHL). The x-ray structure of SpnHL complexed with L-ascorbic acid has been elucidated suggesting that additional hydrophobic interactions might increase inhibitory activity. Here we show that L-ascorbic acid 6-hexadecanoate (Vcpal) is a potent inhibitor of both streptococcal and bovine testicular hyaluronidase (BTH). Vcpal showed strong inhibition of Streptococcus agalactiae hyaluronate lyase with an IC(50) of 4 microM and weaker inhibition of SpnHL and BTH with IC(50) values of 100 and 56 microM, respectively. To date, Vcpal has proved to be one of the most potent inhibitors of hyaluronidase. We also determined the x-ray structure of the SpnHL-Vcpal complex and confirmed the hypothesis that additional hydrophobic interactions with Phe-343, His-399, and Thr-400 in the active site led to increased inhibition. A homology structural model of BTH was also generated to suggest binding modes of Vcpal to this hyaluronidase. The long alkyl chain seemed to interact with an extended, hydrophobic channel formed by mostly conserved amino acids Ala-84, Leu-91, Tyr-93, Tyr-220, and Leu-344 in BTH.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Pharmacy, University of Regensburg, Universitätsstrasse 31, 93040 Regensburg, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
HYALURONATE LYASE
A
731Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 4 (strain ATCC BAA-334 / TIGR4)Mutation(s): 0 
EC: 4.2.2.1
Find proteins for Q54873 (Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 4 (strain ATCC BAA-334 / TIGR4))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q54873
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
XYL
Query on XYL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
D-XYLITOL
C5 H12 O5
HEBKCHPVOIAQTA-SCDXWVJYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PVC
Query on PVC

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
(2E,4R,5S)-2,3,4,5-TETRAHYDROXY-6-(PALMITOYLOXY)HEX-2-ENOIC ACID
C22 H40 O8
XWTWKBKNEMLBKW-KCWNHAIFSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
PVCIC50: 100000 nM BINDINGMOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.210 
  • R-Value Work: 0.192 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 84.131α = 90.00
b = 102.714β = 90.00
c = 102.410γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data scaling
HKL-2000data reduction
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-08-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance