1W3V

Isopenicillin N synthase d-(L-a-aminoadipoyl)-(3R)-methyl-L-cysteine D-a-hydroxyisovaleryl ester complex (anaerobic)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.175 
  • R-Value Work: 0.161 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.162 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Unexpected Oxidation of a Depsipeptide Substrate Analogue in Crystalline Isopenicillin N Synthase.

Daruzzaman, A.Clifton, I.J.Adlington, R.M.Baldwin, J.E.Rutledge, P.J.

(2006) Chembiochem 7: 351

  • DOI: 10.1002/cbic.200500282
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1W3X, 1W3V

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Isopenicillin N synthase (IPNS) is a non-heme iron(ii)-dependent oxidase that is central to penicillin biosynthesis. Herein, we report mechanistic studies of the IPNS reaction in the crystalline state, using the substrate analogue delta-(L-alpha-aminoadipoyl)-(3R)-methyl-L-cysteine D-alpha-hydroxyisovaleryl ester (AmCOV) to probe the early stages of the catalytic cycle ...

    Isopenicillin N synthase (IPNS) is a non-heme iron(ii)-dependent oxidase that is central to penicillin biosynthesis. Herein, we report mechanistic studies of the IPNS reaction in the crystalline state, using the substrate analogue delta-(L-alpha-aminoadipoyl)-(3R)-methyl-L-cysteine D-alpha-hydroxyisovaleryl ester (AmCOV) to probe the early stages of the catalytic cycle. The X-ray crystal structure of the anaerobic IPNS:Fe(II):AmCOV complex was solved to 1.40 A resolution, and it reveals several subtle differences in the active site relative to the complex of the enzyme with its natural substrate. The crystalline IPNS:Fe(II):AmCOV complex was then exposed to oxygen gas at high pressure; this brought about reaction to give what appears to be a hydroxymethyl/ene-thiol product. A mechanism for this reaction is proposed. These results offer further insight into the delicate interplay of steric and electronic effects in the IPNS active site and the mechanistic intricacies of this remarkable enzyme.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Chemistry Research Laboratory, University of Oxford, Mansfield Road, Oxford, OX1 3TA, UK.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ISOPENICILLIN N SYNTHETASEA331Aspergillus nidulansMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PCB C
EC: 1.21.3.1
Find proteins for P05326 (Emericella nidulans (strain FGSC A4 / ATCC 38163 / CBS 112.46 / NRRL 194 / M139))
Explore P05326 
Go to UniProtKB:  P05326
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MDZ
Query on MDZ

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]N~6~-METHYL-6-OXO-L-LYSINE - 2-[(3-MERCAPTOBUTANOYL)OXY]-3-METHYLBUTANOIC ACID
C15 H26 N2 O7 S
SEWFXDOLNMAGTP-LLHIFLOGSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FE2
Query on FE2

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]FE (II) ION
Fe
CWYNVVGOOAEACU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.175 
  • R-Value Work: 0.161 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.162 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 46.994α = 90
b = 71.03β = 90
c = 100.916γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2005-12-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance