1VB5

Crystal Structure Analysis of the Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3 translation initiation factor eIF-2B


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.209 

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This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of the regulatory subunit of archaeal initiation factor 2B (aIF2B) from hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3: a proposed structure of the regulatory subcomplex of eukaryotic IF2B

Kakuta, Y.Tahara, M.Maetani, S.Yao, M.Tanaka, I.Kimura, M.

(2004) Biochem Biophys Res Commun 319: 725-732

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2004.05.045
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1VB5

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2B (eIF2B) is the guanine-nucleotide exchange factor for eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2). eIF2B is a heteropentameric protein composed of alpha- subunits. The alpha, beta, and delta subunits form a regulatory subcomplex, while the gamma and form a catalytic subcomplex ...

    Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2B (eIF2B) is the guanine-nucleotide exchange factor for eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2). eIF2B is a heteropentameric protein composed of alpha- subunits. The alpha, beta, and delta subunits form a regulatory subcomplex, while the gamma and form a catalytic subcomplex. Archaea possess homologues of alpha, beta, and delta subunits of eIF2B. Here, we report the three-dimensional structure of an archaeal regulatory subunit (aIF2Balpha) from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3 determined by X-ray crystallography at 2.2A resolution. aIF2Balpha consists of two subdomains, an N-domain (residues 1-95) and a C-domain (residues 96-276), connected by a long alpha-helix (alpha5: 78-106). The N-domain contains a five helix bundle structure, while the C-domain folds into the alpha/beta structure, thus showing similarity to D-ribose-5-phosphate isomerase structure. The presence of two molecules in the crystallographic asymmetric unit and the gel filtration analysis suggest a dimeric structure of aIF2Balpha in solution, interacting with each other by C-domains. Furthermore, the crystallographic 3-fold symmetry generates a homohexameric structure of aIF2Balpha; the interaction is primarily mediated by the long alpha-helix at the N-domains. This structure suggests an architecture of the three subunits, alpha, beta, and delta, in the regulatory subcomplex within eIF2B.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratory of Biochemistry, Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Graduate School, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
translation initiation factor eIF-2BA, B276Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PH0440
UniProt
Find proteins for O58185 (Pyrococcus horikoshii (strain ATCC 700860 / DSM 12428 / JCM 9974 / NBRC 100139 / OT-3))
Explore O58185 
Go to UniProtKB:  O58185
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupO58185
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.209 
  • Space Group: P 63 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 158.437α = 90
b = 158.437β = 90
c = 151.486γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MAR345data collection
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2004-12-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Source and taxonomy, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-04
    Changes: Refinement description