1UZ9

Crystallographic and solution studies of N-lithocholyl insulin: a new generation of prolonged-acting insulins.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.206 
  • R-Value Work: 0.179 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.180 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystallographic and Solution Studies of N-Lithocholyl Insulin: A New Generation of Prolonged-Acting Human Insulins

Whittingham, J.L.Jonassen, I.Havelund, S.Roberts, S.M.Dodson, E.J.Verma, C.S.Wilkinson, A.J.Dodson, G.G.

(2004) Biochemistry 43: 5987

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi036163s
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1UZ9

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The addition of specific bulky hydrophobic groups to the insulin molecule provides it with affinity for circulating serum albumin and enables it to form soluble macromolecular complexes at the site of subcutaneous injection, thereby securing slow abs ...

    The addition of specific bulky hydrophobic groups to the insulin molecule provides it with affinity for circulating serum albumin and enables it to form soluble macromolecular complexes at the site of subcutaneous injection, thereby securing slow absorption of the insulin analogue into the blood stream and prolonging its half-life once there. N-Lithocholic acid acylated insulin [Lys(B29)-lithocholyl des-(B30) human insulin] has been crystallized and the structure determined by X-ray crystallography at 1.6 A resolution to explore the molecular basis of its assembly. The unit cell in the crystal consists of an insulin hexamer containing two zinc ions, with two m-cresol molecules bound at each dimer-dimer interface stabilizing an R(6) conformation. Six covalently bound lithocholyl groups are arranged symmetrically around the outside of the hexamer. These form specific van der Waals and hydrogen-bonding interactions at the interfaces between neighboring hexamers, possibly representing the kinds of interactions which occur in the soluble aggregates at the site of injection. Comparison with an equivalent nonderivatized native insulin hexamer shows that the addition of the lithocholyl group disrupts neither the important conformational features of the insulin molecule nor its hexamer-forming ability. Indeed, binding studies show that the affinity of N-lithocholyl insulin for the human insulin receptor is not significantly diminished.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Structural Biology Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of York, York YO10 5YW, UK.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
INSULINA21Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: INS
Find proteins for P01308 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P01308 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01308
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P01308
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
INSULINB29Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: INS
Find proteins for P01308 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P01308 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01308
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P01308
Protein Feature View
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 ( Mouse scroll to zoom / Hold left click to move )
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
UZ9
Query on UZ9

Download CCD File 
B
(2S)-2-AMINO-6-({(4R)-4-[(10R,13S)-10,13-DIMETHYL-3-OXOHEXADECAHYDRO-1H-CYCLOPENTA[A]PHENANTHREN-17-YL]PENTANOYL}AMINO)HEXANOIC ACID
C30 H50 N2 O4
NZNFUUCLWNSFAF-HLKVRRRCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CRS
Query on CRS

Download CCD File 
A
M-CRESOL
C7 H8 O
RLSSMJSEOOYNOY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

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B
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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B
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.206 
  • R-Value Work: 0.179 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.180 
  • Space Group: P 63 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 51.79α = 90
b = 51.79β = 90
c = 68.34γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-03-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-07
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance