1USW

Crystal Structure of Ferulic Acid Esterase from Aspergillus niger


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.294 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.212 

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This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The Crystal Structure of Feruloyl Esterase a from Aspergillus Niger Suggests Evolutive Functional Convergence in Feruloyl Esterase Family

Hermoso, J.Sanz-Aparicio, J.Molina, R.Juge, N.Gonzalez, R.Faulds, C.

(2004) J Mol Biol 338: 495

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2004.03.003
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1USW

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • As a component of the array of enzymes produced by micro-organisms to deconstruct plant cell walls, feruloyl esterases hydrolyze phenolic groups involved in the cross-linking of arabinoxylan to other polymeric structures. This is important for opening the cell wall structure, making material more accessible to glycosyl hydrolases ...

    As a component of the array of enzymes produced by micro-organisms to deconstruct plant cell walls, feruloyl esterases hydrolyze phenolic groups involved in the cross-linking of arabinoxylan to other polymeric structures. This is important for opening the cell wall structure, making material more accessible to glycosyl hydrolases. Here, we describe the first crystal structure of the non-modular type-A feruloyl esterase from Aspergillus niger (AnFaeA) solved at 2.5A resolution. AnFaeA displays an alpha/beta hydrolase fold similar to that found in fungal lipases and different from that reported for other feruloyl esterases. Crystallographic and site-directed mutagenesis studies allow us to identify the catalytic triad (Ser133-His247-Asp194) that forms the catalytic machinery of this enzyme. The active-site cavity is confined by a lid (residues 68-80), on the analogy of lipases, and by a loop (residues 226-244) that confers plasticity to the substrate-binding site. The lid presents a high ratio of polar residues, which in addition to a unique N-glycosylation site stabilises the lid in an open conformation, conferring the esterase character to this enzyme. A putative model for bound 5,5'-diferulic acid-linked arabinoxylan has been built, pointing to the more relevant residues involved in substrate recognition. Comparison with structurally related lipases reveals that subtle amino acid and conformational changes within a highly conserved protein fold may produce protein variants endowed with new enzymatic properties, while comparison with functionally related proteins points to a functional convergence after evolutionary divergence within the feruloyl esterases family.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Grupo de Cristalografía Macromolecular y Biología Estructural, Instituto Química-Física Rocasolano C.S.I.C., Serrano 119, 28006 Madrid, Spain. xjuan@iqfr.csic.es



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
FERULOYL ESTERASE AA260Aspergillus nigerMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: faeA
EC: 3.1.1.73
UniProt
Find proteins for O42807 (Aspergillus niger)
Explore O42807 
Go to UniProtKB:  O42807
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseB2N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G42666HT
GlyCosmos:  G42666HT
GlyGen:  G42666HT
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A], D [auth A], E [auth A]SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.294 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.212 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 39.2α = 90
b = 47.18β = 96.14
c = 62.4γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2004-04-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Other, Structure summary