1UOE

Crystal structure of the dihydroxyacetone kinase from E. coli in complex with glyceraldehyde


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.178 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.179 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Phosphoenolpyruvate- and ATP-Dependent Dihydroxyacetone Kinases: Covalent Substrate-Binding and Kinetic Mechanism

Garcia-Alles, L.F.Siebold, C.Luthi-Nyffeler, T.Flukiger-Bruhwiler, K.Schneider, P.Burgi, H.-B.Baumann, U.Erni, B.

(2004) Biochemistry 43: 13037

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi048575m
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1UOE, 1UOD

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Dihydroxyacetone (Dha) kinases are a sequence-conserved family of enzymes, which utilize two different phosphoryldonors, ATP in animals, plants, and some bacteria, and a multiphosphoprotein of the phosphoenolpyruvate carbohydrate phosphotransferase system (PTS) in most bacteria ...

    Dihydroxyacetone (Dha) kinases are a sequence-conserved family of enzymes, which utilize two different phosphoryldonors, ATP in animals, plants, and some bacteria, and a multiphosphoprotein of the phosphoenolpyruvate carbohydrate phosphotransferase system (PTS) in most bacteria. Here, we compare the PTS-dependent kinase of Escherichia coli and the ATP-dependent kinase of Citrobacter freundii. They display 30% sequence identity. The binding constants of the E. coli kinase for eleven short-chain carbonyl compounds were determined by acetone precipitation of the enzyme-substrate complexes. They are 3.4 microM for Dha, 780 microM for Dha-phosphate (DhaP), 50 microM for D,L-glyceraldehyde (GA), and 90 microM for D,L-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate. The k(cat) for Dha of the PTS-dependent kinase is 290 min(-1), and that of the ATP-dependent kinase is 1050 min(-1). The Km for Dha of both kinases is <6 microM. The X-ray structures of the enzyme-GA and the enzyme-DhaP complex show that substrates as well as products are bound in hemiaminal linkage to an active-site histidine. Quantum-mechanical calculations offer no indication for activation of the reacting hydroxyl group by the formation of the hemiaminal. However, the formation of the hemiaminal bond allows selection for short-chain carbonyl compounds and discrimination against structurally similar polyols. The Dha kinase remains fully active in the presence of 2 M glycerol, and phosphorylates trace impurities of carbonyl compounds present in glycerol.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Laboratory for Chemical and Mineralogical Crystallography, University of Berne, CH-3012 Berne, Switzerland.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DIHYDROXYACETONE KINASEA, B366Escherichia coliMutation(s): 0 
EC: 2.7.1.29 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.1.121 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for P76015 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P76015 
Go to UniProtKB:  P76015
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A], F [auth B]SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A], E [auth B]GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.178 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.179 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 96.54α = 90
b = 97.315β = 90
c = 85.997γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2004-09-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance