1UIR

Crystal Structure of Polyamine Aminopropyltransfease from Thermus thermophilus


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.239 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structures and enzymatic properties of a triamine/agmatine aminopropyltransferase from Thermus thermophilus

Ohnuma, M.Ganbe, T.Terui, Y.Niitsu, M.Sato, T.Tanaka, N.Tamakoshi, M.Samejima, K.Kumasaka, T.Oshima, T.

(2011) J.Mol.Biol. 408: 971-986

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2011.03.025
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • To maintain functional conformations of DNA and RNA in high-temperature environments, an extremely thermophilic bacterium, Thermus thermophilus, employs a unique polyamine biosynthetic pathway and produces more than 16 types of polyamines. In the the ...

    To maintain functional conformations of DNA and RNA in high-temperature environments, an extremely thermophilic bacterium, Thermus thermophilus, employs a unique polyamine biosynthetic pathway and produces more than 16 types of polyamines. In the thermophile genome, only one spermidine synthase homolog (SpeE) was found and it was shown to be a key enzyme in the pathway. The catalytic assay of the purified enzyme revealed that it utilizes triamines (norspermidine and spermidine) and agmatine as acceptors in its aminopropyl transfer reaction; therefore, the enzyme was denoted as a triamine/agmatine aminopropyltransferase (TAAPT). We determined the crystal structures of the enzyme complexed with and without the aminopropyl group donor S-adenosylmethionine. Despite sequence and structural similarity with spermidine synthases from other organisms, a novel C-terminal β-sheet and differences in the catalytic site were observed. The C-terminal module interacts with the gatekeeping loop and fixes the open conformation of the loop to recognize larger polyamine substrates such as agmatine and spermidine. Additional computational docking studies suggest that the structural differences of the catalytic site also contribute to recognition of the aminopropyl/aminobutyl or guanidium moiety of the substrates of TAAPT. These results explain in part the extraordinarily diverse polyamine spectrum found in T. thermophilus.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, Tokyo 192-0392, Japan. mioohnuma@rikkyo.ac.jp




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Polyamine Aminopropyltransferase
A, B
314Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: speE
Find proteins for Q5SK28 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SK28
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.239 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 87.775α = 90.00
b = 87.775β = 90.00
c = 190.825γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CCP4data scaling
EPMRphasing
MOSFLMdata reduction
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-08-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2014-01-29
    Type: Database references