Catalytic Domain Of Human Phosphodiesterase 4B In Complex With AMP

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.234 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.235 

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A Glutamine Switch Mechanism for Nucleotide Selectivity by Phosphodiesterases

Zhang, K.Y.J.Card, G.L.Suzuki, Y.Artis, D.R.Fong, D.Gillette, S.Hsieh, D.Neiman, J.West, B.L.Zhang, C.Milburn, M.V.Kim, S.-H.Schlessinger, J.Bollag, G.

(2004) Mol Cell 15: 279-286

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molcel.2004.07.005
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1T9R, 1T9S, 1TAZ, 1TB5, 1TB7, 1TBB, 1TBF

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) comprise a family of enzymes that modulate the immune response, inflammation, and memory, among many other functions. There are three types of PDEs: cAMP-specific, cGMP-specific, and dual-specific. Here we describe the mechanism of nucleotide selectivity on the basis of high-resolution co-crystal structures of the cAMP-specific PDE4B and PDE4D with AMP, the cGMP-specific PDE5A with GMP, and the apo-structure of the dual-specific PDE1B. These structures show that an invariant glutamine functions as the key specificity determinant by a "glutamine switch" mechanism for recognizing the purine moiety in cAMP or cGMP. The surrounding residues anchor the glutamine residue in different orientations for cAMP and for cGMP. The PDE1B structure shows that in dual-specific PDEs a key histidine residue may enable the invariant glutamine to toggle between cAMP and cGMP. The structural understanding of nucleotide binding enables the design of new PDE inhibitors that may treat diseases in which cyclic nucleotides play a critical role.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Plexxikon Inc., 91 Bolivar Drive, Berkeley, CA 94710, USA.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
cAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4B
A, B
381Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PDE4B
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q07343 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q07343 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q07343
PHAROS:  Q07343
GTEx:  ENSG00000184588 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ07343
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 2.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.234 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.235 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 89.547α = 90
b = 94.241β = 90
c = 107.243γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
Blu-Icedata collection
ELVESdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 

Entry History 

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2004-08-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2024-02-14
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Refinement description