1T9M

X-ray crystal structure of phzG from pseudomonas aeruginosa


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.186 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure of the phenazine biosynthesis enzyme PhzG.

Parsons, J.F.Calabrese, K.Eisenstein, E.Ladner, J.E.

(2004) Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 60: 2110-2113

  • DOI: 10.1107/S0907444904022474
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1T9M, 1TY9

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • PhzG is a flavin-dependent oxidase that is believed to play a role in phenazine antibiotic synthesis in various bacteria, including Pseudomonas. Phenazines are chorismic acid derivatives that provide the producing organisms, including the opportunistic pathogen P ...

    PhzG is a flavin-dependent oxidase that is believed to play a role in phenazine antibiotic synthesis in various bacteria, including Pseudomonas. Phenazines are chorismic acid derivatives that provide the producing organisms, including the opportunistic pathogen P. aeruginosa, with a competitive growth advantage. Here, the crystal structures of PhzG from both P. aeruginosa and P. fluorescens solved in an unliganded state at 1.9 and 1.8 A resolution, respectively, are described. Although the specific reaction in phenazine biosynthesis catalyzed by PhzG is unknown, the structural data indicates that PhzG is closely related to pyridoxine-5'-phosphate oxidase, the Escherichia coli pdxH gene product, which catalyzes the final step in pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP) biosynthesis. A previous proposal suggested that the physiological substrate of PhzG to be 2,3-dihydro-3-hydroxyanthranilic acid (DHHA), a phenazine precursor produced by the sequential actions of the PhzE and PhzD enzymes on chorismate, and that two DHHA molecules dimerized in another enzyme-catalyzed reaction to yield phenazine-1-carboxylate. However, it was not possible to demonstrate any in vitro activity upon incubation of PhzG and DHHA. Interestingly, analysis of the in vitro activities of PhzG in combination with PhzF suggests that PhzF acts on DHHA and that PhzG then reacts with a non-aromatic tricyclic phenazine precusor to catalyze an oxidation/aromatization reaction that yields phenazine-1-carboxylate. It is proposed that phzG arose by duplication of pdxH and that the subtle differences seen between the structures of PhzG and PdxH correlate with the loss of the ability of PhzG to catalyze PLP formation. Sequence alignments and superimpositions of the active sites of PhzG and PdxH reveal that the residues that form a positively charged pocket around the phosphate of PLP in the PdxH-PLP complex are not conserved in PhzG, consistent with the inability of phosphorylated compounds to serve as substrates for PhzG.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Center for Advanced Research in Biotechnology, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 9600 Gudelsky Drive, Rockville, MD 20850, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
probable pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate oxidaseA, B214Pseudomonas aeruginosaMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: 
EC: 1.4 (UniProt), 1.4.3.5 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for O69755 (Pseudomonas aeruginosa)
Explore O69755 
Go to UniProtKB:  O69755
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupO69755
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.186 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 63.59α = 90
b = 69.02β = 90
c = 89.08γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
CrystalCleardata reduction
d*TREKdata scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2004-11-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance