Structural characterization of the stringent response related exopolyphosphatase/guanosine pentaphosphate phosphohydrolase protein familyKristensen, O., Laurberg, M., Liljas, A., Kastrup, J.S., Gajhede, M.
(2004) Biochemistry 43: 8894-8900
- PubMed: 15248747
- DOI: 10.1021/bi049083c
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- Also Cited By: 2J4R
- PubMed Abstract:
- Exopolyphosphate phosphatase and guanosine pentaphosphate phosphatase belong to the sugar kinase/actin/hsp 70 superfamily
Reizer, J.,Reizer, A.,Saier Jr., M.H.,Bork, P.,Sander, C.
(1993) Trends Biochem.Sci. 18: 247
- Role of inorganic polyphosphate in promoting ribosomal protein degradation by the Lon protease in E. coli
Kuroda, A.,Nomura, K.,Ohtomo, R.,Kato, J.,Ikeda, T.,Takiguchi, N.,Ohtake, H.,Kornberg, A.
(2001) Science 293: 705
- Guanosine pentaphosphate phosphohydrolase of Escherichia coli is a long-chain exopolyphosphatase
Keasling, J.D.,Bertsch, L.,Kornberg, A.
(1993) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 90: 7029
Exopolyphosphatase/guanosine pentaphosphate phosphohydrolase (PPX/GPPA) enzymes play central roles in the bacterial stringent response induced by starvation. The high-resolution crystal structure of the putative Aquifex aeolicus PPX/GPPA phosphatase ...
Exopolyphosphatase/guanosine pentaphosphate phosphohydrolase (PPX/GPPA) enzymes play central roles in the bacterial stringent response induced by starvation. The high-resolution crystal structure of the putative Aquifex aeolicus PPX/GPPA phosphatase from the actin-like ATPase domain superfamily has been determined, providing the first insights to features of the common catalytic core of the PPX/GPPA family. The protein has a two-domain structure with an active site located in the interdomain cleft. Two crystal forms were investigated (type I and II) at resolutions of 1.53 and 2.15 A, respectively. This revealed a structural flexibility that has previously been described as a "butterfly-like" cleft opening around the active site in other actin-like superfamily proteins. A calcium ion is observed at the center of this region in type I crystals, substantiating that PPX/GPPA enzymes use metal ions for catalysis. Structural analysis suggests that nucleotides bind at a similar position to that seen in other members of the superfamily.
Biostructural Research, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, The Danish University of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universitetsparken 2, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. email@example.com