The complex of the anti-cancer therapeutic, BW1843U89, with thymidylate synthase at 2.0 A resolution: implications for a new mode of inhibition.Stout, T.J., Stroud, R.M.
(1996) Structure 4: 67-77
- PubMed: 8805515
- PubMed Abstract:
- Structure, Multiple Site Binding, and Segmental Accommodation in Thymidylate Synthase on Binding Dump and an Anti-Folate
Montfort, W.R.,Perry, K.M.,Fauman, E.B.,Finer-Moore, J.S.,Maley, G.F.,Hardy, L.,Maley, F.,Stroud, R.M.
(1990) Biochemistry 29: 6964
Thymidylate synthase (TS) is critical to DNA synthesis as it catalyzes the rate limiting step in the only biosynthetic pathway for deoxythymidine monophosphate (dTMP) production. TS is therefore an important target for anti-proliferative and anti-can ...
Thymidylate synthase (TS) is critical to DNA synthesis as it catalyzes the rate limiting step in the only biosynthetic pathway for deoxythymidine monophosphate (dTMP) production. TS is therefore an important target for anti-proliferative and anti-cancer drug design. The TS enzymatic mechanism involves the reductive methylation of the substrate, deoxyuridine monophosphate (dUMP), by transfer of a methylene group from the co-factor, methylenetetrahydrofolate (CH2H4folate), resulting in the production of deoxythymidine monophosphate (dTMP) and dihydrofolate (H2folate). Previous drug design efforts based on co-factor analogues have produced good inhibitors of TS, but poor bioavailability and toxicity have limited their usefulness. BW1843U89, a folate analogue, is a recently developed compound which is an exceptionally strong inhibitor (Ki = 0.09 nM), has good bioavailability and in clinical trials thus far has not demonstrated significant toxicity.
Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, School of Medicine, University of California at San Francisco 94143-0448, USA.