1SVS

Structure of the K180P mutant of Gi alpha subunit bound to GppNHp.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.209 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Uncoupling conformational change from GTP hydrolysis in a heterotrimeric G protein {alpha}-subunit.

Thomas, C.J.Du, X.Li, P.Wang, Y.Ross, E.M.Sprang, S.R.

(2004) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 101: 7560-7565

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0304091101
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Heterotrimeric G protein alpha (G alpha) subunits possess intrinsic GTPase activity that leads to functional deactivation with a rate constant of approximately 2 min(-1) at 30 degrees C. GTP hydrolysis causes conformational changes in three regions o ...

    Heterotrimeric G protein alpha (G alpha) subunits possess intrinsic GTPase activity that leads to functional deactivation with a rate constant of approximately 2 min(-1) at 30 degrees C. GTP hydrolysis causes conformational changes in three regions of G alpha, including Switch I and Switch II. Mutation of G202-->A in Switch II of G alpha(i1) accelerates the rates of both GTP hydrolysis and conformational change, which is measured by the loss of fluorescence from Trp-211 in Switch II. Mutation of K180-->P in Switch I increases the rate of conformational change but decreases the GTPase rate, which causes transient but substantial accumulation of a low-fluorescence G alpha(i1).GTP species. Isothermal titration calorimetric analysis of the binding of (G202A)G alpha(i1) and (K180P)G alpha(i1) to the GTPase-activating protein RGS4 indicates that the G202A mutation stabilizes the pretransition state-like conformation of G alpha(i1) that is mimicked by the complex of G alpha(i1) with GDP and magnesium fluoroaluminate, whereas the K180P mutation destabilizes this state. The crystal structures of (K180P)G alpha(i1) bound to a slowly hydrolyzable GTP analog, and the GDP.magnesium fluoroaluminate complex provide evidence that the Mg(2+) binding site is destabilized and that Switch I is torsionally restrained by the K180P mutation. The data are consistent with a catalytic mechanism for G alpha in which major conformational transitions in Switch I and Switch II are obligate events that precede the bond-breaking step in GTP hydrolysis. In (K180P)G alpha(i1), the two events are decoupled kinetically, whereas in the native protein they are concerted.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390-9050, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(i), alpha-1 subunit
A
353Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: Gnai1 (Gnai-1)
Find proteins for P10824 (Rattus norvegicus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P10824
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GNP
Query on GNP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PHOSPHOAMINOPHOSPHONIC ACID-GUANYLATE ESTER
C10 H17 N6 O13 P3
UQABYHGXWYXDTK-UUOKFMHZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
GNPKd: 2.3 nM BINDINGMOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.209 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 79.317α = 90.00
b = 79.317β = 90.00
c = 105.141γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data collection
CNSphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-06-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance