Water-molecule network and active-site flexibility of apo protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B.Pedersen, A.K., Peters G, G.H., Moller, K.B., Iversen, L.F., Kastrup, J.S.
(2004) Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 60: 1527-1534
- PubMed: 15333922
- DOI: 10.1107/S0907444904015094
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Crystal structure of human protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B
Barford, D., Flint, A.J., Tonks, N.K.
(1994) Science 263: 1397
- Affinity purification of recombinant protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B using a highly selective inhibitor
Pedersen, A.K., Branner, S., Mortensen, S.B., Andersen, H.S., Klausen, K.M., Moller, K.B., Moller, N.P., Iversen, L.F.
(2004) J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 799: 1
Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) plays a key role as a negative regulator of insulin and leptin signalling and is therefore considered to be an important molecular target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and obesity. Detailed structural in ...
Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) plays a key role as a negative regulator of insulin and leptin signalling and is therefore considered to be an important molecular target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and obesity. Detailed structural information about the structure of PTP1B, including the conformation and flexibility of active-site residues as well as the water-molecule network, is a key issue in understanding ligand binding and enzyme kinetics and in structure-based drug design. A 1.95 A apo PTP1B structure has been obtained, showing four highly coordinated water molecules in the active-site pocket of the enzyme; hence, the active site is highly solvated in the apo state. Three of the water molecules are located at positions that approximately correspond to the positions of the phosphate O atoms of the natural substrate phosphotyrosine and form a similar network of hydrogen bonds. The active-site WPD-loop was found to be in the closed conformation, in contrast to previous observations of wild-type PTPs in the apo state, in which the WPD-loop is open. The closed conformation is stabilized by a network of hydrogen bonds. These results provide new insights into and understanding of the active site of PTP1B and form a novel basis for structure-based inhibitor design.
Protein Science, Novo Nordisk, DK-2880 Bagsvaerd, Denmark.