1S7G

Structural Basis for the Mechanism and Regulation of Sir2 Enzymes


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.207 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural basis for the mechanism and regulation of sir2 enzymes

Avalos, J.L.Boeke, J.D.Wolberger, C.

(2004) Mol.Cell 13: 639-648


  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Sir2 proteins form a family of NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylases required for diverse biological processes, including transcriptional silencing, suppression of rDNA recombination, control of p53 activity, regulation of acetyl-CoA synthetase, and ...

    Sir2 proteins form a family of NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylases required for diverse biological processes, including transcriptional silencing, suppression of rDNA recombination, control of p53 activity, regulation of acetyl-CoA synthetase, and aging. Although structures of Sir2 enzymes in the presence and absence of peptide substrate or NAD(+) have been determined, the role of the enzyme in the mechanism of deacetylation and NAD(+) cleavage is still unclear. Here, we present additional structures of Sir2Af2 in several differently complexed states: in a productive complex with NAD(+), in a nonproductive NAD(+) complex with bound ADP-ribose, and in the unliganded state. We observe a new mode of NAD(+) binding that seems to depend on acetyl-lysine binding, in which the nicotinamide ring of NAD(+) is buried in the highly conserved "C" pocket of the enzyme. We propose a detailed structure-based mechanism for deacetylation and nicotinamide inhibition of Sir2 consistent with mutagenesis and enzymatic studies.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 725 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
NAD-dependent deacetylase 2
A, B, C, D, E
253Archaeoglobus fulgidus (strain ATCC 49558 / VC-16 / DSM 4304 / JCM 9628 / NBRC 100126)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: cobB2 (Sir2Af2)
EC: 3.5.1.-
Find proteins for O30124 (Archaeoglobus fulgidus (strain ATCC 49558 / VC-16 / DSM 4304 / JCM 9628 / NBRC 100126))
Go to UniProtKB:  O30124
Small Molecules
Ligands 9 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
APR
Query on APR

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E
ADENOSINE-5-DIPHOSPHORIBOSE
C15 H23 N5 O14 P2
SRNWOUGRCWSEMX-KEOHHSTQSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

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A, B, C, D, E
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

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A, B, C, D
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
2PE
Query on 2PE

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B
NONAETHYLENE GLYCOL
C18 H38 O10
YZUUTMGDONTGTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

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A, B
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
ETHYLENE GLYCOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAD
Query on NAD

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A, B, C
NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE
C21 H27 N7 O14 P2
BAWFJGJZGIEFAR-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PG4
Query on PG4

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C, D
TETRAETHYLENE GLYCOL
C8 H18 O5
UWHCKJMYHZGTIT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
P6G
Query on P6G

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C
HEXAETHYLENE GLYCOL
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL PEG400
C12 H26 O7
IIRDTKBZINWQAW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
1PE
Query on 1PE

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A
PENTAETHYLENE GLYCOL
PEG400
C10 H22 O6
JLFNLZLINWHATN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.207 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 104.850α = 90.00
b = 181.574β = 90.00
c = 78.921γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
MOLREPphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-03-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance