1S16

Crystal Structure of E. coli Topoisomerase IV ParE 43kDa subunit complexed with ADPNP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.240 
  • R-Value Work: 0.224 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.224 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structures of Escherichia coli topoisomerase IV ParE subunit (24 and 43 kilodaltons): a single residue dictates differences in novobiocin potency against topoisomerase IV and DNA gyrase.

Bellon, S.Parsons, J.D.Wei, Y.Hayakawa, K.Swenson, L.L.Charifson, P.S.Lippke, J.A.Aldape, R.Gross, C.H.

(2004) Antimicrob Agents Chemother 48: 1856-1864

  • DOI: 10.1128/aac.48.5.1856-1864.2004
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Topoisomerase IV and DNA gyrase are related bacterial type II topoisomerases that utilize the free energy from ATP hydrolysis to catalyze topological changes in the bacterial genome. The essential function of DNA gyrase is the introduction of negativ ...

    Topoisomerase IV and DNA gyrase are related bacterial type II topoisomerases that utilize the free energy from ATP hydrolysis to catalyze topological changes in the bacterial genome. The essential function of DNA gyrase is the introduction of negative DNA supercoils into the genome, whereas the essential function of topoisomerase IV is to decatenate daughter chromosomes following replication. Here, we report the crystal structures of a 43-kDa N-terminal fragment of Escherichia coli topoisomerase IV ParE subunit complexed with adenylyl-imidodiphosphate at 2.0-A resolution and a 24-kDa N-terminal fragment of the ParE subunit complexed with novobiocin at 2.1-A resolution. The solved ParE structures are strikingly similar to the known gyrase B (GyrB) subunit structures. We also identified single-position equivalent amino acid residues in ParE (M74) and in GyrB (I78) that, when exchanged, increased the potency of novobiocin against topoisomerase IV by nearly 20-fold (to 12 nM). The corresponding exchange in gyrase (I78 M) yielded a 20-fold decrease in the potency of novobiocin (to 1.0 micro M). These data offer an explanation for the observation that novobiocin is significantly less potent against topoisomerase IV than against DNA gyrase. Additionally, the enzyme kinetic parameters were affected. In gyrase, the ATP K(m) increased approximately 5-fold and the V(max) decreased approximately 30%. In contrast, the topoisomerase IV ATP K(m) decreased by a factor of 6, and the V(max) increased approximately 2-fold from the wild-type values. These data demonstrate that the ParE M74 and GyrB I78 side chains impart opposite effects on the enzyme's substrate affinity and catalytic efficiency.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Topoisomerase IV subunit BA, B390Escherichia coliMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: parEnfxDb3030
EC: 5.99.1 (PDB Primary Data), 5.6.2.2 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P20083 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P20083 
Go to UniProtKB:  P20083
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ANP
Query on ANP

Download CCD File 
A, B
PHOSPHOAMINOPHOSPHONIC ACID-ADENYLATE ESTER
C10 H17 N6 O12 P3
PVKSNHVPLWYQGJ-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download CCD File 
A, B
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download CCD File 
A, B
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.240 
  • R-Value Work: 0.224 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.224 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 94.9α = 90
b = 120.8β = 90
c = 136.8γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
CNXrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2004-01-05 
  • Released Date: 2004-05-04 
  • Deposition Author(s): Wei, Y., Gross, C.H.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-05-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Version format compliance