1RT1

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF HIV-1 REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE COMPLEXED WITH MKC-442


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.55 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Complexes of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase with inhibitors of the HEPT series reveal conformational changes relevant to the design of potent non-nucleoside inhibitors.

Hopkins, A.L.Ren, J.Esnouf, R.M.Willcox, B.E.Jones, E.Y.Ross, C.Miyasaka, T.Walker, R.T.Tanaka, H.Stammers, D.K.Stuart, D.I.

(1996) J Med Chem 39: 1589-1600

  • DOI: 10.1021/jm960056x
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Crystal structures of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) complexed with a range of chemically diverse non-nucleoside inhibitors (NNIs) have shown a single pocket in which the inhibitors bind and details of the inhibitor-protein interactions. To delinea ...

    Crystal structures of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) complexed with a range of chemically diverse non-nucleoside inhibitors (NNIs) have shown a single pocket in which the inhibitors bind and details of the inhibitor-protein interactions. To delineate the structural requirements for an effective inhibitor, we have determined the structures of three closely related NNIs which vary widely in their potencies. Crystal structures of HIV-1 RT complexed with two very potent inhibitors, MKC-442 and TNK-651, at 2.55 angstroms resolution complement our previous analysis of the complex with the less effective inhibitor, HEPT. These structures reveal conformational changes which correlate with changes in potency. We suggest that a major determinant of increased potency in the analogues of HEPT is an improved interaction between residue Tyr181 in the protein and the 6-benzyl ring of the inhibitors which stabilizes the structure of the complex. This arises through a conformational switching of the protein structure triggered by the steric bulk of the 5-substituent of the inhibitor pyrimidine ring.


    Related Citations: 
    • Mechanism of Inhibition of HIV-1 Reverse Transcriptase by Non-Nucleoside Inhibitors
      Esnouf, R., Ren, J., Ross, C., Jones, Y., Stammers, D., Stuart, D.
      (1995) Nat Struct Biol 2: 303
    • High Resolution Structures of HIV-1 RT from Four RT-Inhibitor Complexes
      Ren, J., Esnouf, R., Garman, E., Somers, D., Ross, C., Kirby, I., Keeling, J., Darby, G., Jones, Y., Stuart, D., al., et
      (1995) Nat Struct Biol 2: 293
    • The Structure of HIV-1 Reverse Transcriptase Complexed with 9-Chloro-TIBO: Lessons for Inhibitor Design
      Ren, J., Esnouf, R., Hopkins, A., Ross, C., Jones, Y., Stammers, D., Stuart, D.
      (1995) Structure 3: 915
    • Crystals of HIV-1 Reverse Transcriptase Diffracting to 2.2 A Resolution
      Stammers, D.K., Somers, D.O., Ross, C.K., Kirby, I., Ray, P.H., Wilson, J.E., Norman, M., Ren, J.S., Esnouf, R.M., Garman, E.F., al., et
      (1994) J Mol Biol 242: 586

    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics, Rex Richards Building, Oxford, UK.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
HIV-1 REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASEA560Human immunodeficiency virus 1Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: HIV-1 POL
EC: 2.7.7.49 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.23.16 (UniProt), 2.7.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1.26.13 (UniProt), 3.1.13.2 (UniProt), 2.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P04585 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate HXB2))
Explore P04585 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04585
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
HIV-1 REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASEB440Human immunodeficiency virus 1Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HIV-1 POL
EC: 2.7.7.49 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.23.16 (UniProt), 2.7.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1.26.13 (UniProt), 3.1.13.2 (UniProt), 2.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P04585 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate HXB2))
Explore P04585 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04585
Protein Feature View
 ( Mouse scroll to zoom / Hold left click to move )
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MKC
Query on MKC

Download CCD File 
A
6-BENZYL-1-ETHOXYMETHYL-5-ISOPROPYL URACIL
C17 H22 N2 O3
MLILORUFDVLTSP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
CSD
Query on CSD
AL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H7 N O4 SCYS
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
MKCEC50:  20   nM  BindingDB
MKCEC50:  4.199999809265137   nM  BindingDB
MKCIC50:  800   nM  BindingDB
MKCIC50 :  8   nM  PDBBind
MKCEC50:  2   nM  BindingDB
MKCEC50:  4   nM  BindingDB
MKCIC50:  8   nM  BindingDB
MKCIC50:  40   nM  BindingDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.55 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 136.8α = 90
b = 109.8β = 90
c = 72.4γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1997-04-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance