1RJW

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF NAD(+)-DEPENDENT ALCOHOL DEHYDROGENASE FROM BACILLUS STEAROTHERMOPHILUS STRAIN LLD-R


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.35 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.252 
  • R-Value Work: 0.214 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.214 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal Structure and Amide H/D Exchange of Binary Complexes of Alcohol Dehydrogenase from Bacillus stearothermophilus: Insight into Thermostability and Cofactor Binding

Ceccarelli, C.Liang, Z.X.Strickler, M.Prehna, G.Goldstein, B.M.Klinman, J.P.Bahnson, B.J.

(2004) Biochemistry 43: 5266-5277

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi049736p
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The crystal structure of NAD(+)-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase from Bacillus stearothermophilus strain LLD-R (htADH) was determined using X-ray diffraction data at a resolution of 2.35 A. The structure of homotetrameric htADH is highly homologous to ...

    The crystal structure of NAD(+)-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase from Bacillus stearothermophilus strain LLD-R (htADH) was determined using X-ray diffraction data at a resolution of 2.35 A. The structure of homotetrameric htADH is highly homologous to those of bacterial and archaeal homotetrameric alcohol dehydrogenases (ADHs) and also to the mammalian dimeric ADHs. There is one catalytic zinc atom and one structural zinc atom per enzyme subunit. The enzyme was crystallized as a binary complex lacking the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) cofactor but including a zinc-coordinated substrate analogue trifluoroethanol. The binary complex structure is in an open conformation similar to ADH structures without the bound cofactor. Features important for the thermostability of htADH are suggested by a comparison with a homologous mesophilic enzyme (55% identity), NAD(+)-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase from Escherichia coli. To gain insight into the conformational change triggered by NAD(+) binding, amide hydrogen-deuterium exchange of htADH, in the presence and absence of NAD(+), was studied by HPLC-coupled electrospray mass spectrometry. When the deuteron incorporation of the protein-derived peptides was analyzed, it was found that 9 of 21 peptides show some decrease in the level of deuteron incorporation upon NAD(+) binding, and another 4 peptides display slower exchange rates. With one exception (peptide number 8), none of the peptides that are altered by bound NAD(+) are in contact with the alcohol-substrate-binding pocket. Furthermore, peptides 5 and 8, which are located outside the NAD(+)-binding pocket, are notable by displaying changes upon NAD(+) binding. This suggests that the transition from the open to the closed conformation caused by cofactor binding has some long-range effects on the protein structure and dynamics.


    Related Citations: 
    • A few amino acid substitutions are responsible for the higher thermostability of a novel NAD(+)-dependent bacillar alcohol dehydrogenase
      Cannio, R., Rossi, M., Bartolucci, S.
      (1994) Eur J Biochem 222: 345

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Alcohol dehydrogenase
A, B, C, D
339Geobacillus stearothermophilusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ADH-HT
EC: 1.1.1.1
Find proteins for P42328 (Geobacillus stearothermophilus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P42328
Protein Feature View
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ETF
Query on ETF

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
TRIFLUOROETHANOL
C2 H3 F3 O
RHQDFWAXVIIEBN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.35 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.252 
  • R-Value Work: 0.214 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.214 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 68.322α = 90
b = 138.222β = 90
c = 158.68γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
CCP4model building
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-05-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2007-10-16
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance