1REK

Crystal structure of cAMP-dependent protein kinase complexed with balanol analog 8


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.295 
  • R-Value Work: 0.218 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Balanol analogues probe specificity determinants and the conformational malleability of the cyclic 3',5'-adenosine monophosphate-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit

Akamine, P.MadhusudanBrunton, L.L.Ou, H.D.Canaves, J.M.Xuong, N.H.Taylor, S.S.

(2004) Biochemistry 43: 85-96

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi035042p
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1RE8, 1REK, 1REJ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The protein kinase family is a prime target for therapeutic agents, since unregulated protein kinase activities are linked to myriad diseases. Balanol, a fungal metabolite consisting of four rings, potently inhibits Ser/Thr protein kinases and can be modified to yield potent inhibitors that are selective-characteristics of a desirable pharmaceutical compound ...

    The protein kinase family is a prime target for therapeutic agents, since unregulated protein kinase activities are linked to myriad diseases. Balanol, a fungal metabolite consisting of four rings, potently inhibits Ser/Thr protein kinases and can be modified to yield potent inhibitors that are selective-characteristics of a desirable pharmaceutical compound. Here, we characterize three balanol analogues that inhibit cyclic 3',5'-adenosine monophosphate-dependent protein kinase (PKA) more specifically and potently than calcium- and phospholipid-dependent protein kinase (PKC). Correlation of thermostability and inhibition potency suggests that better inhibitors confer enhanced protection against thermal denaturation. Crystal structures of the PKA catalytic (C) subunit complexed to each analogue show the Gly-rich loop stabilized in an "intermediate" conformation, disengaged from important phosphoryl transfer residues. An analogue that perturbs the PKA C-terminal tail has slightly weaker inhibition potency. The malleability of the PKA C subunit is illustrated by active site residues that adopt alternate rotamers depending on the ligand bound. On the basis of sequence homology to PKA, a preliminary model of the PKC active site is described. The balanol analogues serve to test the model and to highlight differences in the active site local environment of PKA and PKC. The PKA C subunit appears to tolerate balanol analogues with D-ring modifications; PKC does not. We attribute this difference in preference to the variable B helix and C-terminal tail. By understanding the details of ligand binding, more specific and potent inhibitors may be designed that differentiate among closely related AGC protein kinase family members.


    Related Citations: 
    • Crystal structure of the potent natural product inhibitor balanol in complex with the catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase
      Narayana, N., Diller, T.C., Koide, K., Bunnage, M.E., Nicolaou, K.C., Brunton, L.L., Xuong, N.-H., Ten Eyck, L.F., Taylor, S.S.
      (1999) Biochemistry 38: 2367

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, School of Medicine, University of California-San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
cAMP-dependent protein kinase, alpha-catalytic subunitA350Mus musculusMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: PrkacaPkaca
EC: 2.7.1.37 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.11.11 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for P05132 (Mus musculus)
Explore P05132 
Go to UniProtKB:  P05132
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
B8L
Query on B8L

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]3-[(3-SEC-BUTYL-4-HYDROXYBENZOYL)AMINO]AZEPAN-4-YL 4-(2-HYDROXY-5-METHOXYBENZOYL)BENZOATE
C32 H36 N2 O7
XVLMXAUKCDSMMW-YXLARRHKSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PTL
Query on PTL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]PENTANAL
C5 H10 O
HGBOYTHUEUWSSQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  2 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
SEP
Query on SEP
AL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H8 N O6 PSER
TPO
Query on TPO
AL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC4 H10 N O6 PTHR
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
B8LKi:  200   nM  Binding MOAD
B8LKi :  200   nM  PDBBind
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.295 
  • R-Value Work: 0.218 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 53.6α = 90
b = 71.9β = 90
c = 98.9γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2004-02-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance