1QQQ

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE ANALYSIS OF SER254 MUTANT OF ESCHERICHIA COLI THYMIDYLATE SYNTHASE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.224 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Drug-resistant variants of Escherichia coli thymidylate synthase: effects of substitutions at Pro-254.

Fantz, C.Shaw, D.Jennings, W.Forsthoefel, A.Kitchens, M.Phan, J.Minor, W.Lebioda, L.Berger, F.G.Spencer, H.T.

(2000) Mol.Pharmacol. 57: 359-366


  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Drug-resistant variants of thymidylate synthase (TS) can potentially be used in gene therapy applications to decrease the myelosuppressive side effects of TS-directed anticancer agents or to select genetically modified cells in vivo. Mutations of pro ...

    Drug-resistant variants of thymidylate synthase (TS) can potentially be used in gene therapy applications to decrease the myelosuppressive side effects of TS-directed anticancer agents or to select genetically modified cells in vivo. Mutations of proline 303 of human TS confer resistance to TS-directed fluoropyrimidines and antifolates (). We generated the corresponding variants in Escherichia coli TS (ecTS), position 254, to better understand the mechanism by which mutations at this residue confer resistance. In addition, because ecTS is intrinsically resistant to several antifolates when compared with human TS, we suspected that greater resistance could be achieved with the bacterial enzyme. The P254L enzyme conferred >100-fold resistance to both raltitrexed and 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (FdUrd) compared with wild-type ecTS. Four additional mutants (P254F, P254S, P254G, and P254D), each of which complemented growth of a TS-deficient cell line, were generated, isolated, and characterized. Steady-state values of K(m) for dUMP and k(cat) were not substantially different among the variants and were comparable with the wild-type values, but K(m) for methylenetetrahydrofolate (CH(2)H(4)PteGlu) was >10-fold higher for P254D. Values of k(on) and k(off) for nucleotide binding, which were obtained by stopped-flow spectroscopy, were virtually unchanged among the mutants. Drastic differences were observed for CH(2)H(4)PteGlu binding, with K(d) values >15-fold higher than observed with the wild-type enzyme; surprisingly, the proposed isomerization reaction that is very evident for the wild-type enzyme is not observed with P254S. The decrease in affinity for CH(2)H(4)PteGlu correlates well with K(i) values obtained for three TS-directed inhibitors. These results show that mutations at Pro-254 specifically affect the initial binding interactions between enzyme and cofactor and also alter the ability of the mutant enzymes to undergo conformational changes that occur on ternary complex formation. The crystal structure of P254S was determined at 1.5 A resolution and is the most precise structure of TS available. When compared with wild-type TS, the structure shows local conformational changes affecting mostly Asp-253; its carbonyl is rotated approximately 40 degrees, and the side chain forms an ion pair with Arg-225.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, Columbia, South Carolina, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
THYMIDYLATE SYNTHASE
A
264Escherichia coli (strain K12)Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: thyA
EC: 2.1.1.45
Find proteins for P0A884 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Go to UniProtKB:  P0A884
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  2 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
CXM
Query on CXM
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC6 H11 N O4 SMET
CME
Query on CME
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O3 S2CYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.224 
  • Space Group: I 21 3
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 132.437α = 90.00
b = 132.437β = 90.00
c = 132.437γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
CNSrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1999-06-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance