1QMB

Cleaved alpha-1-antitrypsin polymer


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.258 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.212 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

A 2.6A Structure of a Serpin Polymer and Implications for Conformational Disease

Huntington, J.A.Pannu, N.S.Hazes, B.Read, R.J.Lomas, D.A.Carrell, R.W.

(1999) J Mol Biol 293: 449

  • DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.1999.3184
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1QMB

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The function of the serpins as proteinase inhibitors depends on their ability to insert the cleaved reactive centre loop as the fourth strand in the main A beta-sheet of the molecule upon proteolytic attack at the reactive centre, P1-P1'. This mechanism is vulnerable to mutations which result in inappropriate intra- or intermolecular loop insertion in the absence of cleavage ...

    The function of the serpins as proteinase inhibitors depends on their ability to insert the cleaved reactive centre loop as the fourth strand in the main A beta-sheet of the molecule upon proteolytic attack at the reactive centre, P1-P1'. This mechanism is vulnerable to mutations which result in inappropriate intra- or intermolecular loop insertion in the absence of cleavage. Intermolecular loop insertion is known as serpin polymerisation and results in a variety of diseases, most notably liver cirrhosis resulting from mutations of the prototypical serpin alpha1-antitrypsin. We present here the 2.6 A structure of a polymer of alpha1-antitrypsin cleaved six residues N-terminal to the reactive centre, P7-P6 (Phe352-Leu353). After self insertion of P14 to P7, intermolecular linkage is affected by insertion of the P6-P3 residues of one molecule into the partially occupied beta-sheet A of another. This results in an infinite, linear polymer which propagates in the crystal along a 2-fold screw axis. These findings provide a framework for understanding the uncleaved alpha1-antitrypsin polymer and fibrillar and amyloid deposition of proteins seen in other conformational diseases, with the ordered array of polymers in the crystal resulting from slow accretion of the cleaved serpin over the period of a year.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Division of Structural Medicine, Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, Cambridge, CB2 2XY, UK.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ALPHA-1-ANTITRYPSINA326Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: SERPINA1AATPIPRO0684PRO2209
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P01009 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P01009 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01009
PHAROS:  P01009
Entity Groups  
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UniProt GroupP01009
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ALPHA-1-ANTITRYPSINB42Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: SERPINA1AATPIPRO0684PRO2209
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P01009 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P01009 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01009
PHAROS:  P01009
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP01009
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.258 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.212 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 108.59α = 90
b = 108.59β = 90
c = 110.65γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2000-02-06
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance