Solution structure of hypothetical Nudix hydrolase DR0079 from extremely radiation-resistant Deinococcus radiodurans bacteriumBuchko, G.W., Ni, S., Holbrook, S.R., Kennedy, M.A.
(2004) Proteins 56: 28-39
- PubMed: 15162484
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/prot.20082
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) based methods, including residual dipolar coupling restraints, we have determined the solution structure of the hypothetical Deinococcus radiodurans Nudix protein DR0079 (171 residues, MW = 19.3 kDa). The protein contains eight beta-strands and three alpha-helices organized into three subdomains: an N-terminal beta-sheet (1-34), a central Nudix core (35-140), and a C-terminal helix-turn-helix (141-171). The Nudix core and the C-terminal helix-turn-helix form the fundamental fold common to the Nudix family, a large mixed beta-sheet sandwiched between alpha-helices. The residues that compose the signature Nudix sequence, GX5EX7REUXEEXGU (where U = I, L, or V and X = any amino acid), are contained in a turn-helix-turn motif on the face of the mixed beta-sheet. Chemical shift mapping experiments suggest that DR0079 binds Mg2+. Experiments designed to determine the biological function of the protein indicate that it is not a type I isopentenyl-diphosphate delta-isomerase and that it does not bind alpha,beta-methyleneadenosine 5'-triphosphate (AMPCPP) or guanosine 5'-[beta,gamma-imido]triphosphate (GMPPNP). In this article, the structure of DR0079 is compared to other known Nudix protein structures, a potential substrate-binding surface is proposed, and its possible biological function is discussed.
Fundamental Sciences, Biological Sciences Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99352, USA.