Geometry of binding of the benzamidine- and arginine-based inhibitors N alpha-(2-naphthyl-sulphonyl-glycyl)-DL-p-amidinophenylalanyl-pipe ridine (NAPAP) and (2R,4R)-4-methyl-1-[N alpha-(3-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydr quinolinesulphonyl)-L-arginyl]-2-piperidine carboxylic acid (MQPA) to human alpha-thrombin.X-ray crystallographic determination of the NAPAP-trypsin complex and modeling of NAPAP-thrombin and MQPA-thrombin.Bode, W., Turk, D., Sturzebecher, J.
(1990) Eur J Biochem 193: 175-182
- PubMed: 2226434
- DOI: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1990.tb19320.x
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Refined 2.3 Angstroms X-Ray Crystal Structure of Bovine Thrombin Complexes Formed with the Benzamidine and Arginine-Based Thrombin Inhibitors Napap, 4-Tapap and Mqpa. A Starting Point for Improving Antithrombotics
Brandstetter, H., Turk, D., Hoeffken, H.W., Grosse, D., Stuerzebecher, J., Martin, P.D., Edwards, B.F., Bode, W.
(1992) J Mol Biol 226: 1085
- The Refined 1.9 Angstroms X-Ray Crystal Structure of D-Phe-Pro-Arg-Chloromethylketone-Inhibited Human Alpha-Thrombin: Structure Analysis, Overall Structure, Electrostatic Properties, Detailed Active-Site Geometry, and Structure-Function Relationships
Bode, W., Turk, D., Karshikov, A.
(1992) Protein Sci 1: 426
- Geometry of Binding of the Nalpha-Tosylated Piperidides of M-Amidino-, P-Amidino-and P-Guanidino Phenylalanine to Thrombin and Trypsin: X-Ray Crystal Structures of Their Trypsin Complexes and Modeling of Their Thrombin Complexes
Turk, D., Stuerzebecher, J., Bode, W.
(1991) FEBS Lett 287: 133
- The Refined 1.9 Angstroms Crystal Structure of Human Alpha-Thrombin: Interaction with D-Phe-Pro-Arg Chloromethylketone and Significance of the Tyr-Pro-Pro-Trp Insertion Segment
Bode, W., Mayr, I., Baumann, U., Huber, R., Stone, S.R., Hofsteenge, J.
(1989) EMBO J 8: 3467
- Crystal Structure of Bovine Beta-Trypsin at 1.5 Angstroms Resolution in a Crystal Form with Low Molecular Packing Density. Active Site Geometry, Ion Pairs and Solvent Structure
Bartunik, H.D., Summers, L.J., Bartsch, H.H.
(1989) J Mol Biol 210: 813
- The Refined Crystal Structure of Bovine Beta-Trypsin at 1.8 Angstroms Resolution. Crystallographic Refinement, Calcium Binding Site, Benzamidine Binding Site and Active Site at Ph 7.0
Bode, W., Schwager, P.
(1975) J Mol Biol 98: 693
The X-ray crystal structure of the trypsin complex formed with N alpha-(2-naphthyl-sulphonyl-glycyl)-DL-p-amidinophenylalanyl-piper idine (NAPAP) was determined with X-ray data to 0.18-nm resolution and crystallographically refined. NAPAP binds into ...
The X-ray crystal structure of the trypsin complex formed with N alpha-(2-naphthyl-sulphonyl-glycyl)-DL-p-amidinophenylalanyl-piper idine (NAPAP) was determined with X-ray data to 0.18-nm resolution and crystallographically refined. NAPAP binds into the active site of trypsin in a quite compact form: the p-amidinophenylalanine moiety of the D-stereoisomer binds into the specificity pocket; the glycyl group is hydrogen bonded with Gly216; the naphthyl group stands perpendicular to the indole moiety of Trp215; the piperidine ring is tightly packed between this naphthyl moiety and His57; in consequence the carboxy-terminal amido bond of NAPAP is located in such a way that it is not susceptible to the active-site Ser195. NAPAP and (2R,4R)-4-methyl-1-[N alpha-(3-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-8- quinolinesulphonyl)-L-arginyl]-2-piperidine carboxylic acid (MQPA) [Matzusaki, T., Sasaki, C., Okumura, C. & Umeyama (1989) J. Biochem. (Tokyo) 105, 949-952] were transferred in their trypsin-binding conformations to human alpha-thrombin [Bode, W., Mayr, I., Baumann, U., Huber, R., Stone, S. R. & Hofsteenge, J. (1989) EMBO J. 8. 3467 - 3475] and energy minimized. Both synthetic inhibitors fit perfectly into the much more restricted active site of thrombin. The accommodation of the S-aryl moieties in the 'aryl-binding site' and of the piperidine rings in the S2 subsite of thrombin are particularly favorable. The preference of thrombin for distinctly substituted piperidine derivatives and its generally higher (compared with trypsin) affinity for benzamidine and arginine-based inhibitors can be accounted for by these thrombin inhibitor models.
Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Martinsried, Federal Republic of Germany.