1P8J

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE PROPROTEIN CONVERTASE FURIN


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.219 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.188 

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The Crystal Structure of the Proprotein Processing Proteinase Furin Explains its Stringent Specificity

Henrich, S.Cameron, A.Bourenkov, G.P.Kiefersauer, R.Huber, R.Lindberg, I.Bode, W.Than, M.E.

(2003) Nat Struct Biol 10: 520-526

  • DOI: 10.1038/nsb941
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1P8J

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • In eukaryotes, many essential secreted proteins and peptide hormones are excised from larger precursors by members of a class of calcium-dependent endoproteinases, the prohormone-proprotein convertases (PCs). Furin, the best-characterized member of the mammalian PC family, has essential functions in embryogenesis and homeostasis but is also implicated in various pathologies such as tumor metastasis, neurodegeneration and various bacterial and viral diseases caused by such pathogens as anthrax and pathogenic Ebola virus strains ...

    In eukaryotes, many essential secreted proteins and peptide hormones are excised from larger precursors by members of a class of calcium-dependent endoproteinases, the prohormone-proprotein convertases (PCs). Furin, the best-characterized member of the mammalian PC family, has essential functions in embryogenesis and homeostasis but is also implicated in various pathologies such as tumor metastasis, neurodegeneration and various bacterial and viral diseases caused by such pathogens as anthrax and pathogenic Ebola virus strains. Furin cleaves protein precursors with narrow specificity following basic Arg-Xaa-Lys/Arg-Arg-like motifs. The 2.6 A crystal structure of the decanoyl-Arg-Val-Lys-Arg-chloromethylketone (dec-RVKR-cmk)-inhibited mouse furin ectodomain, the first PC structure, reveals an eight-stranded jelly-roll P domain associated with the catalytic domain. Contoured surface loops shape the active site by cleft, thus explaining furin's stringent requirement for arginine at P1 and P4, and lysine at P2 sites by highly charge-complementary pockets. The structure also explains furin's preference for basic residues at P3, P5 and P6 sites. This structure will aid in the rational design of antiviral and antibacterial drugs.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Abt. Strukturforschung, Am Klopferspitz 18A, 82152 Martinsried, Germany.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Furin precursorA, B, C, D, E, F, G, H471Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: FURIN OR FUR OR PCSK3FurinFurPcsk3
EC: 3.4.21.75
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P23188 (Mus musculus)
Explore P23188 
Go to UniProtKB:  P23188
IMPC:  MGI:97513
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DECANOYL-ARG-VAL-LYS-ARG-CHLOROMETHYLKETONE INHIBITORI [auth J], J [auth K], K [auth L], L [auth M], M [auth N], N [auth P], O [auth Q], P [auth R]6N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
beta-D-galactopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-2)-[beta-D-galactopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)]alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-[2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-2)-alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)]beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-[beta-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseQ [auth I]11N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G26897XI
GlyCosmos:  G26897XI
GlyGen:  G26897XI
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-[alpha-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseR [auth O]4N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G32152BH
GlyCosmos:  G32152BH
GlyGen:  G32152BH
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on NAG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
GA [auth B], IB [auth E], PC [auth H], S [auth A], UB [auth F], VB [auth F]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
AA [auth A] , AB [auth D] , AC [auth F] , AD [auth L] , BA [auth A] , BB [auth D] , BC [auth F] , BD [auth M] , 
AA [auth A],  AB [auth D],  AC [auth F],  AD [auth L],  BA [auth A],  BB [auth D],  BC [auth F],  BD [auth M],  CA [auth A],  CB [auth D],  CC [auth F],  CD [auth N],  DA [auth A],  DB [auth D],  DC [auth F],  DD [auth P],  EA [auth A],  EB [auth D],  EC [auth F],  ED [auth Q],  FA [auth A],  FB [auth D],  FC [auth F],  FD [auth R],  GB [auth D],  GC [auth F],  HB [auth D],  JA [auth B],  JC [auth G],  KA [auth B],  KC [auth G],  LA [auth B],  LB [auth E],  LC [auth G],  MA [auth B],  MB [auth E],  MC [auth G],  NA [auth B],  NB [auth E],  NC [auth G],  OA [auth B],  OB [auth E],  OC [auth G],  PB [auth E],  QB [auth E],  RA [auth C],  RB [auth E],  SA [auth C],  SB [auth E],  SC [auth H],  TA [auth C],  TB [auth E],  TC [auth H],  UA [auth C],  UC [auth H],  V [auth A],  VA [auth C],  VC [auth H],  W [auth A],  WA [auth C],  WC [auth H],  X [auth A],  XC [auth H],  Y [auth A],  YB [auth F],  YC [auth J],  Z [auth A],  ZA [auth D],  ZB [auth F],  ZC [auth K]
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
HA [auth B] , HC [auth G] , IA [auth B] , IC [auth G] , JB [auth E] , KB [auth E] , PA [auth C] , QA [auth C] , 
HA [auth B],  HC [auth G],  IA [auth B],  IC [auth G],  JB [auth E],  KB [auth E],  PA [auth C],  QA [auth C],  QC [auth H],  RC [auth H],  T [auth A],  U [auth A],  WB [auth F],  XA [auth D],  XB [auth F],  YA [auth D]
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
AR7
Query on AR7
I [auth J], J [auth K], K [auth L], L [auth M], M [auth N], N [auth P], O [auth Q], P [auth R]PEPTIDE-LIKEC6 H17 N4 O2ARG
Biologically Interesting Molecules (External Reference) 1 Unique
Entity ID: 2
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_000278
Query on PRD_000278
I [auth J], J [auth K], K [auth L], L [auth M], M [auth N], N [auth P], O [auth Q], P [auth R]DECANOYL-ARG-VAL-LYS-ARG-CHLOROMETHYLKETONEPeptide-like /  Inhibitor Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.219 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.188 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 93.305α = 103.56
b = 135.392β = 98.98
c = 137.806γ = 107.09
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
CCP4data scaling
CCP4phasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment  



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2003-07-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Atomic model, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2012-12-12
    Changes: Other
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary