Crystal Structures of Engrailed Homeodomain Mutants: IMPLICATIONS FOR STABILITY AND DYNAMICSStollar, E.J., Mayor, U., Lovell, S.C., Federici, L., Freund, S.M., Fersht, A.R., Luisi, B.F.
(2003) J Biol Chem 278: 43699-43708
- PubMed: 12923178
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M308029200
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Structural studies of the engrailed homeodomain
Clarke, N.D., Kissinger, C.R., Desjarlais, J., Gilliland, G.L., Pabo, C.O.
(1994) Protein Sci 3: 1779
- Engrailed Homeodomain-DNA Complex at 2.2 A Resolution: A Detailed View of the Interface and Comparison with other Engrailed Structures
Fraenkel, E., Rould, M.A., Chambers, K.A., Pabo, C.O.
(1998) J Mol Biol 284: 351
We report the crystal structures and biophysical characterization of two stabilized mutants of the Drosophila Engrailed homeodomain that have been engineered to minimize electrostatic repulsion. Four independent copies of each mutant occupy the cryst ...
We report the crystal structures and biophysical characterization of two stabilized mutants of the Drosophila Engrailed homeodomain that have been engineered to minimize electrostatic repulsion. Four independent copies of each mutant occupy the crystal lattice, and comparison of these structures illustrates variation that can be partly ascribed to networks of correlated conformational adjustments. Central to one network is leucine 26 (Leu26), which occupies alternatively two side chain rotameric conformations (-gauche and trans) and different positions within the hydrophobic core. Similar sets of conformational substates are observed in other Engrailed structures and in another homeodomain. The pattern of structural adjustments can account for NMR relaxation data and sequence co-variation networks in the wider homeodomain family. It may also explain the dysfunction associated with a P26L mutation in the human ARX homeodomain protein. Finally, we observe a novel dipolar interaction between a conserved tryptophan and a water molecule positioned along the normal to the indole ring. This interaction may explain the distinctive fluorescent properties of the homeodomain family.
Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, 80 Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1GA, United Kingdom.