Structure of Thermus thermophilus HB8 H-protein of the glycine-cleavage system, resolved by a six-dimensional molecular-replacement method.Nakai, T., Ishijima, J., Masui, R., Kuramitsu, S., Kamiya, N.
(2003) Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 59: 1610-1618
- PubMed: 12925792
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/s0907444903014975
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
The glycine-cleavage system is a multi-enzyme complex consisting of four different components (the P-, H-, T- and L-proteins). Recombinant H-protein corresponding to that from Thermus thermophilus HB8 has been overexpressed, purified and crystallized. Synchrotron radiation from BL44B2 at SPring-8 was used to collect a native data set to 2.5 A resolution. The crystals belonged to the hexagonal space group P6(5) and contained three molecules per asymmetric unit, with a solvent content of 39%. Because of the large number of molecules within a closely packed unit cell, this structure was solved by six-dimensional molecular replacement with the program EPMR using the pea H-protein structure as a search model and was refined to an R factor of 0.189 and a free R factor of 0.256. Comparison with the pea H-protein reveals two highly conserved regions surrounding the lipoyl-lysine arm. Both of these regions are negatively charged and each has additional properties that are conserved in H-proteins from many species, suggesting that these regions are involved in intermolecular interactions. One region has previously been proposed to constitute an interaction surface with T-protein, while the other may be involved in an interaction with P-protein. Meanwhile, the lipoyl-lysine arm of the T. thermophilus H-protein was found to be more flexible than that of the pea H-protein, supporting the hypothesis that H-protein does not form a stable complex with L-protein during the reaction.
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