1OLT

Coproporphyrinogen III oxidase (HemN) from Escherichia coli is a Radical SAM enzyme.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.07 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.187 
  • R-Value Work: 0.154 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal Structure of Coproporphyrinogen III Oxidase Reveals Cofactor Geometry of Radical Sam Enzymes

Layer, G.Moser, J.Heinz, D.W.Jahn, D.Schubert, W.-D.

(2003) Embo J. 22: 6214

  • DOI: 10.1093/emboj/cdg598

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • 'Radical SAM' enzymes generate catalytic radicals by combining a 4Fe-4S cluster and S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) in close proximity. We present the first crystal structure of a Radical SAM enzyme, that of HemN, the Escherichia coli oxygen-independent c ...

    'Radical SAM' enzymes generate catalytic radicals by combining a 4Fe-4S cluster and S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) in close proximity. We present the first crystal structure of a Radical SAM enzyme, that of HemN, the Escherichia coli oxygen-independent coproporphyrinogen III oxidase, at 2.07 A resolution. HemN catalyzes the essential conversion of coproporphyrinogen III to protoporphyrinogen IX during heme biosynthesis. HemN binds a 4Fe-4S cluster through three cysteine residues conserved in all Radical SAM enzymes. A juxtaposed SAM coordinates the fourth Fe ion through its amide nitrogen and carboxylate oxygen. The SAM sulfonium sulfur is near both the Fe (3.5 A) and a neighboring sulfur of the cluster (3.6 A), allowing single electron transfer from the 4Fe-4S cluster to the SAM sulfonium. SAM is cleaved yielding a highly oxidizing 5'-deoxyadenosyl radical. HemN, strikingly, binds a second SAM immediately adjacent to the first. It may thus successively catalyze two propionate decarboxylations. The structure of HemN reveals the cofactor geometry required for Radical SAM catalysis and sets the stage for the development of inhibitors with antibacterial function due to the uniquely bacterial occurrence of the enzyme.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Microbiology, Technical University Braunschweig, Spielmannstrasse 7, D-38106 Braunschweig, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
OXYGEN-INDEPENDENT COPROPORPHYRINOGEN III OXIDASE
A
457Escherichia coli (strain K12)Gene Names: hemN (yihJ)
EC: 1.3.98.3
Find proteins for P32131 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Go to UniProtKB:  P32131
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SF4
Query on SF4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
IRON/SULFUR CLUSTER
Fe4 S4
LJBDFODJNLIPKO-VKOJMFJBAC
 Ligand Interaction
SAM
Query on SAM

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
S-ADENOSYLMETHIONINE
C15 H22 N6 O5 S
MEFKEPWMEQBLKI-FCKMPRQPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.07 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.187 
  • R-Value Work: 0.154 
  • Space Group: P 63
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 114.036α = 90.00
b = 114.036β = 90.00
c = 76.459γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
autoSHARPphasing
DENZOdata reduction
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-12-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Version format compliance