1O02

Human mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase complexed with NADH in the presence of Mg2+


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.213 
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Coenzyme isomerization is integral to catalysis in aldehyde dehydrogenase

Perez-Miller, S.J.Hurley, T.D.

(2003) Biochemistry 42: 7100-7109

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi034182w
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Crystal structures of many enzymes in the aldehyde dehydrogenase superfamily determined in the presence of bound NAD(P)(+) have exhibited conformational flexibility for the nicotinamide half of the cofactor. This has been hypothesized to be important ...

    Crystal structures of many enzymes in the aldehyde dehydrogenase superfamily determined in the presence of bound NAD(P)(+) have exhibited conformational flexibility for the nicotinamide half of the cofactor. This has been hypothesized to be important in catalysis because one conformation would block the second half of the reaction, but no firm evidence has been put forth which shows whether the oxidized and reduced cofactors preferentially occupy the two observed conformations. We present here two structures of the wild type and two structures of a Cys302Ser mutant of human mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase in binary complexes with NAD(+) and NADH. These structures, including the Cys302Ser mutant in complex with NAD(+) at 1.4 A resolution and the wild-type enzyme in complex with NADH at 1.9 A resolution, provide strong evidence that bound NAD(+) prefers an extended conformation ideal for hydride transfer and bound NADH prefers a contracted conformation ideal for acyl-enzyme hydrolysis. Unique interactions between the cofactor and the Rossmann fold make isomerization possible while allowing the remainder of the active site complex to remain intact. In addition, these structures clarify the role of magnesium in activating the human class 2 enzyme. Our data suggest that the presence of magnesium may lead to selection of particular conformations and speed isomerization of the reduced cofactor following hydride transfer.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Program in Medical Biophysics and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Aldehyde dehydrogenase
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
500Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ALDH2 (ALDM)
EC: 1.2.1.3
Find proteins for P05091 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: ALDH2
Go to UniProtKB:  P05091
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NA
Query on NA

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Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

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Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, H
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
ETHYLENE GLYCOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GAI
Query on GAI

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Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
GUANIDINE
C H5 N3
ZRALSGWEFCBTJO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAI
Query on NAI

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
1,4-DIHYDRONICOTINAMIDE ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
NADH
C21 H29 N7 O14 P2
BOPGDPNILDQYTO-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.213 
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 141.492α = 90.00
b = 150.873β = 90.00
c = 177.195γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSphasing
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-06-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2013-10-30
    Type: Non-polymer description