Crystal structure of NH3-dependent NAD+ synthetase from Bacillus subtilis.Rizzi, M., Nessi, C., Mattevi, A., Coda, A., Bolognesi, M., Galizzi, A.
(1996) EMBO J. 15: 5125-5134
- PubMed: 8895556
- PubMed Abstract:
- Crystallization of Nad+ Synthetase from Bacillus Subtilis
Rizzi, M.,Nessi, C.,Bolognesi, M.,Coda, A.,Galizzi, A.
(1996) Proteins 26: 236
- The Outb Gene of Bacillus Subtilis Codes for Nad Synthetase
Nessi, C.,Albertini, A.M.,Speranza, M.L.,Galizzi, A.
(1995) J.Biol.Chem. 270: 6181
NAD+ synthetase catalyzes the last step in the biosynthesis of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide. The three-dimensional structure of NH3-dependent NAD+ synthetase from Bacillus subtilis, in its free form and in complex with ATP, has been solved by X- ...
NAD+ synthetase catalyzes the last step in the biosynthesis of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide. The three-dimensional structure of NH3-dependent NAD+ synthetase from Bacillus subtilis, in its free form and in complex with ATP, has been solved by X-ray crystallography (at 2.6 and 2.0 angstroms resolution, respectively) using a combination of multiple isomorphous replacement and density modification techniques. The enzyme consists of a tight homodimer with alpha/beta subunit topology. The catalytic site is located at the parallel beta-sheet topological switch point, where one AMP molecule, one pyrophosphate and one Mg2+ ion are observed. Residue Ser46, part of the neighboring 'P-loop', is hydrogen bonded to the pyrophosphate group, and may play a role in promoting the adenylation of deamido-NAD+ during the first step of the catalyzed reaction. The deamido-NAD+ binding site, located at the subunit interface, is occupied by one ATP molecule, pointing towards the catalytic center. A conserved structural fingerprint of the catalytic site, comprising Ser46, is very reminiscent of a related protein region observed in glutamine-dependent GMP synthetase, supporting the hypothesis that NAD+ synthetase belongs to the newly discovered family of 'N-type' ATP pyrophosphatases.
Department of Genetics and Microbiology A. Buzzati Traverso, Universityof Pavia, Italy.