1NON

PyrR, the regulator of the pyrimidine biosynthetic operon in Bacillus caldolyticus


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.250 
  • R-Value Work: 0.192 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure of the Nucleotide Complex of PyrR, the pyr Attenuation Protein from Bacillus caldolyticus, Suggests Dual Regulation by Pyrimidine and Purine Nucleotides

Chander, P.Halbig, K.M.Miller, J.K.Fields, C.J.Bonner, H.K.Grabner, G.K.Switzer, R.L.Smith, J.L.

(2005) J Bacteriol 187: 1773-1782

  • DOI: 10.1128/JB.187.5.1773-1782.2005
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1XZN, 1XZ8, 1NON

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • PyrR is a protein that regulates the expression of genes and operons of pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthesis (pyr genes) in many bacteria. PyrR acts by binding to specific sequences on pyr mRNA and causing transcriptional attenuation when intracellular levels of uridine nucleotides are elevated ...

    PyrR is a protein that regulates the expression of genes and operons of pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthesis (pyr genes) in many bacteria. PyrR acts by binding to specific sequences on pyr mRNA and causing transcriptional attenuation when intracellular levels of uridine nucleotides are elevated. PyrR from Bacillus subtilis has been purified and extensively studied. In this work, we describe the purification to homogeneity and characterization of recombinant PyrR from the thermophile Bacillus caldolyticus and the crystal structures of unliganded PyrR and a PyrR-nucleotide complex. The B. caldolyticus pyrR gene was previously shown to restore normal regulation of the B. subtilis pyr operon in a pyrR deletion mutant. Like B. subtilis PyrR, B. caldolyticus PyrR catalyzes the uracil phosphoribosyltransferase reaction but with maximal activity at 60 degrees C. Crystal structures of B. caldolyticus PyrR reveal a dimer similar to the B. subtilis PyrR dimer and, for the first time, binding sites for nucleotides. UMP and GMP, accompanied by Mg2+, bind specifically to PyrR active sites. Nucleotide binding to PyrR is similar to other phosphoribosyltransferases, but Mg2+ binding differs. GMP binding was unexpected. The protein bound specific sequences of pyr RNA 100 to 1,000 times more tightly than B. subtilis PyrR, depending on the RNA tested and the assay method; uridine nucleotides enhanced RNA binding, but guanosine nucleotides antagonized it. The new findings of specific GMP binding and its antagonism of RNA binding suggest cross-regulation of the pyr operon by purines.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PyrR bifunctional proteinA, B, C, D179[Bacillus] caldolyticusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: pyrR
EC: 2.4.2.9
UniProt
Find proteins for P41007 (Bacillus caldolyticus)
Explore P41007 
Go to UniProtKB:  P41007
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.250 
  • R-Value Work: 0.192 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 193.6α = 90
b = 60.74β = 97.81
c = 59.207γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2004-05-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance