Conserved structural elements in glutathione transferase homologues encoded in the genome of Escherichia coliRife, C.L., Parsons, J.F., Xiao, G., Gilliland, G.L., Armstrong, R.N.
(2003) Proteins 53: 777-782
- PubMed: 14635120
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/prot.10452
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Multiple sequence alignments of the eight glutathione (GSH) transferase homologues encoded in the genome of Escherichia coli were used to define a consensus sequence for the proteins. The consensus sequence was analyzed in the context of the three-dimensional structure of the gst gene product (EGST) obtained from two different crystal forms of the enzyme. The enzyme consists of two domains. The N-terminal region (domain I) has a thioredoxin-like alpha/beta-fold, while the C-terminal domain (domain II) is all alpha-helical. The majority of the consensus residues (12/17) reside in the N-terminal domain. Fifteen of the 17 residues are involved in hydrophobic core interactions, turns, or electrostatic interactions between the two domains. The results suggest that all of the homologues retain a well-defined group of structural elements both in and between the N-terminal alpha/beta domain and the C-terminal domain. The conservation of two key residues for the recognition motif for the gamma-glutamyl-portion of GSH indicates that the homologues may interact with GSH or GSH analogues such as glutathionylspermidine or alpha-amino acids. The genome context of two of the homologues forms the basis for a hypothesis that the b2989 and yibF gene products are involved in glutathionylspermidine and selenium biochemistry, respectively.
Department of Biochemistry and the Center in Molecular Toxicology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville Tennessee 37232-0146, USA.