Crystal structure of mini-intein reveals a conserved catalytic module involved in side chain cyclization of asparagine during protein splicingDing, Y., Xu, M.Q., Ghosh, I., Chen, X., Ferrandon, S., Lesage, G., Rao, Z.
(2003) J.Biol.Chem. 278: 39133-39142
- PubMed: 12878593
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M306197200
- PubMed Abstract:
We have determined the crystal structure of a 154-residue intein derived from the dnaB gene of Synechocystis sp. strain PCC6803 and refined it to a 2.0-A resolution. The x-ray structure suggests that this intein possesses two catalytic sites that app ...
We have determined the crystal structure of a 154-residue intein derived from the dnaB gene of Synechocystis sp. strain PCC6803 and refined it to a 2.0-A resolution. The x-ray structure suggests that this intein possesses two catalytic sites that appear to be separately responsible for splicing and cleavage of the N- and C-terminal scissile bonds. The conserved intein block F residues are the important components of a catalytic site for side chain cyclization of the last intein residue, Asn-154. The data suggest that the imidazole ring of His-143 is involved in the activation of the side chain Ndelta atom of Asn-154, leading to a nucleophilic attack on the carbonyl carbon of Asn-154. Substitution of His-143 with Ala or Gln resulted in the inhibition of C-terminal cleavage. His-153, Asp-136, and a water molecule appear to constitute an oxyanion binding site by contacting the carbonyl oxygen of Asn-154 to stabilize the transition state. The structure and mutagenesis data also support that the close contact between the hydroxyl groups of Thr-138 and Ser-155, whose side chain participates in an S --> O acyl shift, plays an important role in the nucleophile orientation. Our structural modeling suggests that this catalytic module is conserved in the C-terminal subdomains of inteins from diverse organisms.
Laboratory of Structural Biology and the Ministry of Education Laboratory of Protein Science, School of Life Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, People's Republic of China.