Crystal structures of native and inhibited forms of human cathepsin D: implications for lysosomal targeting and drug design.Baldwin, E.T., Bhat, T.N., Gulnik, S., Hosur, M.V., Sowder 2nd., R.C., Cachau, R.E., Collins, J., Silva, A.M., Erickson, J.W.
(1993) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 90: 6796-6800
- PubMed: 8393577
- DOI: 10.1073/pnas.90.14.6796
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Human Liver Cathepsin D. Purification, Crystallization and Preliminary X-Ray Diffraction Analysis of a Lysosomal Enzyme
Gulnik, S.,Baldwin, E.T.,Tarasova, N.,Erickson, J.
(1992) J.Mol.Biol. 227: 265
Cathepsin D (EC 18.104.22.168) is a lysosomal protease suspected to play important roles in protein catabolism, antigen processing, degenerative diseases, and breast cancer progression. Determination of the crystal structures of cathepsin D and a complex ...
Cathepsin D (EC 22.214.171.124) is a lysosomal protease suspected to play important roles in protein catabolism, antigen processing, degenerative diseases, and breast cancer progression. Determination of the crystal structures of cathepsin D and a complex with pepstatin at 2.5 A resolution provides insights into inhibitor binding and lysosomal targeting for this two-chain, N-glycosylated aspartic protease. Comparison with the structures of a complex of pepstatin bound to rhizopuspepsin and with a human renin-inhibitor complex revealed differences in subsite structures and inhibitor-enzyme interactions that are consistent with affinity differences and structure-activity relationships and suggest strategies for fine-tuning the specificity of cathepsin D inhibitors. Mutagenesis studies have identified a phosphotransferase recognition region that is required for oligosaccharide phosphorylation but is 32 A distant from the N-domain glycosylation site at Asn-70. Electron density for the crystal structure of cathepsin D indicated the presence of an N-linked oligosaccharide that extends from Asn-70 toward Lys-203, which is a key component of the phosphotransferase recognition region, and thus provides a structural explanation for how the phosphotransferase can recognize apparently distant sites on the protein surface.
Structural Biochemistry Program, Program Resources Inc./DynCorp, National Cancer Institute-Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center, MD 21702.